American girl

About American Girl. American Girl encourages young girls everywhere to enjoy their childhood and unleash their full potential. Characters like the TrulyMe dolls allow girls to customize their dolls to look just like them, and the BeForever collection of original characters and stories feature young women who face challenges and learn to do the right thing. Most American Girl stores are now open to safely serve you—inside or curbside. Find a location. Our rewards are totally rad! Level up by becoming an AG Rewards™ member and earn 3x points on your first purchase. Ends September 24. 5. Join now. Care beyond compare. American Girl, which makes 18-inch dolls portraying female youngsters, responded to the fake image last week after it was posted to Facebook and went viral on other platforms. David Garcia from Bakersfield, Ca American Girl was covered by a nardcore punk band Ill Repute, it is a mighty good cover. Jedirock from New Port Richey, Fl As far as the story goes, I can verify that Beaty Towers is by 441 and there has long been a story of a girl jumping from it (apparently she 'haunts' the towers, but there's always a ... American Girl has announced that three American Girl Place stores will be closing: American Girl Denver, Atlanta, and Kansas City. Due to the pandemic closings, this means the locations will not be reopening. (Source: Colorado’s only American Girl store is closing after ten years) Retail locations are now offering at-home celebration kits. Official site for American Girl dolls, clothes, doll furniture, doll accessories, books, and more. Discover new clothes and dresses for girls and dolls. “American Girl” is the second single from Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers' self-titled debut album. The single did not chart in the U.S., but in the UK it peaked at #40 the week ending August ...

American Girl

2013.01.09 10:14 corked922 American Girl

Welcome to the subreddit all about American Girl Dolls! This is a community open to any and all collectors of American Girl Dolls, the 18" doll line owned by Mattel. Grab a flair for the doll that you collect for the most! *This subreddit is not affiliated with Mattel or the American Girl brand in any way.*
[link]


2009.09.25 06:54 kimonoboxjill Dolls

A subreddit for doll enthusiasts. Posts on dolls, doll clothing, and doll accessories are welcome.
[link]


2008.01.25 08:12 conspiracy

**The conspiracy subreddit is a thinking ground. Above all else, we respect everyone's opinions and ALL religious beliefs and creeds. We hope to challenge issues which have captured the public’s imagination, from JFK and UFOs to 9/11. This is a forum for free thinking, not hate speech. Respect other views and opinions, and keep an open mind.** **Our intentions are aimed towards a fairer, more transparent world and a better future for everyone.**
[link]


2020.09.26 16:11 marcoxnt93 [H] Games [W] Offers

https://www.reddit.com/IGSRep/comments/cg1p8marcoxnt93s_igs_rep_page/
TIER 1
ARMA 3
Age of Wonders Planetfall
Borderlands: The Handsome Collection EU
Borderlands: The Handsome Collection US
Devil May Cry 4 Special Edition
Dirt Rally 2.0 + 3 DLC
DMC:Devil May Cry
F1 2018
F1 2019 Anniversary Edition
Forts
Frostpunk
Grid ultimate edition
GoNNER BLüEBERRY EDiTION
Hellblade : Senua's Sacrifice
Hitman Absolution
Hollow Knight
Jurassic World Evolution + DLC x 2
Kerbal Space Program
Legend of Grimrock 2
Metal Gear Solid V The Phantom Pain
Middle-Earth Shadow of War
MOLEK-SYNTEZ
Outlast 2
Pathfinder Kingmaker Explorer Edition
Pro cycling manager 2019
Project CARS 2 + Japanese Cars Bonus Pack
Resident Evil 5 + DLC
Resident Evil HD
Risen
Risen 2 Gold Edition
Rise of Industry
Sigma Theory: Global Cold War
Soul Calibur 6
Supraland
Syberia 3
Tales of Berseria
The Bard’s Tale IV: Director’s Cut
The Division + DLC US
The Witness
The Jackbox Party Pack 2
The Jackbox Party Pack 4
This Is the Police 2
TRINE 2 Compete Story
Two Point Hospital
Ultimate Chicken Horse
WARHAMMER 40,000: Gladius- Relics of War
X-com 2 + DLC

TIER 2
Agents of Mayhem
American Truck Simulator
Armello x 3
Asterix Obelix XXL 2
Band of Defenders
Battle Chasers: Nightwar
Battletech x 2
Bioshock Infinite
BioShock Remastered
Book of Demons
CHAOS CODE -NEW SIGN OF CATASTROPHE-
Choice Chamber
Chess Ultra
Degrees of Separation
Dragon Age Origins
Driftland: The Magic Revival
Duke Nukem Manhattan Project
Duck Game x 2
Empire Total War
Euro Truck Simulator 2
EVOLAND
eXperience 112
Fell Seal: Arbiter’s Mark
Flying Tigers: Shadows Over China - Deluxe Edition
FTL: Advanced Edition
Grid Autosport
Gunman Tales
Kingdom Rush Frontiers
King's Bounty: Crossworlds
King’s Bounty: Warriors of the North - The Complete Edition
Looterkings
Men of War: Assault Squad 2 - War Chest Edition
Metro Last Light Redux US
MO:Astray
Neo Cab
NEOVERSE
Observer
Odyssey - The Story of Science
OF MICE AND SAND -REVISED-
Omerta Gold Edition
Opus Magnum
Overcooked
Overgrowth
Overlord II x 2
Plunge
Project Cars + Limited Edition Upgrade
Quest of Dungeons
Raiden V: Director’s Cut
Rebuild 3: Gangs of Deadsville
RiMe
Road to Guangdong - Story-Based Indie Road Trip Driving Game
Sanctuary RPG: Black Edition
Sakura Sadist
Sherlock Holmes: The Devil's Daughter
Sinking Island
Sleeping Dogs Definitive Edition
Sonic All Stars Transformed Collection
Sonic generations collection
STAR WARS Jedi Knight - Jedi Academy
STAR WARS™ Jedi Knight II - Jedi Outcast
STAR WARS The Force Unleashed Ultimate Sith Edition
Star Wars Kotor
Star Wars Kotor 2
Star Wolves 3: Civil War
Styx Master of Shadows
SUPER TIME FORCE ULTRA
Surviving Mars x 2
Titan Quest Anniversary Edition
The Gardens Between
The Messenger
The Stillness of the Wind
The Swords of Ditto: Mormo’s Curse
The Walking Dead Season 2
Train Valley 2
Trüberbrook
Turok 2: Seeds of Evil
Tropico 5
Walking Dead Season 2
Worms Clan Wars
Warhammer 40000 Gladius
WARSAW
Without Within 3


TIER 3
911 operator + Special Operator DLC
Acorn Assault: Rodent Revolution
alan wake collector edition
AI War 2
All You Can Eat
Atari Vault
Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation
Bad North: Jotunn Edition
Belladonna
Black Death
BLACKHOLE
Blitzkrieg Anthology
Bomber Crew - Deluxe Edition
Borealis
Broken Age x 2
Bunker Punks
Cally's caves 3
Capitalism 2
Cast of the Seven Godsends
Chaos Reborn
Company of Heroes 2
Contagion
Crazy Belts
Crowntakers
CryoFall
CTU: Counter Terrorism Unit
Dad Quest x 2
Darkest Dungeon: The Shieldbreaker
Dark Heritage: Guardians of Hope
Dark Strokes The Legend of the Snow Kingdom Collectors Edition
Death Squared
Deep Sky Derelicts
Deus Ex: Invisible War
Dimension Drifter
Distrust : Polar Survival
Duke Nukem Forever x 2
Dungeon Souls
Dungeon Siege II
EarthNight
Eastside Hockey Manager
Eliza
Enforcer: Police Crime Action
Epistory - Typing Chronicles
Etherborn
Etherlords I & II
Evergarden
EXAPUNKS
Extinction
Fahrenheit: Indigo Prophecy Remastered
Fallout 3
Farming World
Figment
Fire
FRAMED Collection
Garfield Kart
Gas Guzzlers Extreme
GNOG
Goat simulator
God's Trigger
Grim Legends 2: Song of the Dark Swan
Gunscape Standard Edition
Hacknet + DLC
Heave Ho
Heavy Burger
Heroes of Annihilated Empires
Hidden Object 6in1 bundle
hitman blood money
Hive Jump
HORACE
Hue
Hyperspace Invaders II: Pixel Edition
I am not a Monster
Immortal Planet
In Between
Injustice
Innerspace
Iron Fisticle
ken follet
Kingdom: Classic
Kingdom Rush
Knights of Pen & Paper 2
Laser Disco Defenders
LEGO Batman 3: Beyond Gotham
Lego harry potter 5-7
Lemuria Lost in Space
Lostwinds
Luxor 3
Luxor Evolved
Machinarium
Mages of Mystralia
Magrunner: Dark Pulse
MagiCat
Masquerade: The Baubles of Doom
Medieval Kingdom Wars
Megaman Legacy Collection
Mini Ninjas
Mini Metro
MirrorMoon EP
Momodora
MotoGP 15
MXGP - The Official Motocross Videogame
Mr. Shifty
My Memory of Us
Mystery Loss
Nba Playgrounds
Newt One
Neverending Nightmares
Niche
Niffelheim
Nightmares from the Deep: The Cursed Heart
Night Call
Odallus: The Dark Call
Of Orcs And Men
Omen Exitio: Plague
Orn the tiny forest sprite
Overload
PAC-MAN™ CHAMPIONSHIP EDITION 2
Paper Fire Rookie
Paperbark
Paradigm
Particula
Party Hard
Perfect Universe
Pickers
Pirate Pop Plus
Pixel Heroes
Phantom Doctrine
Planet Alpha
Planet of the Eyes
Post Master
Prehistoric Tales
Primal Carnage: Extinction
Q.U.B.E. 2
Rapture Rejects
Realpolitiks
Rebel Galaxy
Re-Legion
Remnants of Naezith
Rezrog
River City Ransom: Underground
Roombo: First Blood
RRRR
Sakura Gamer
Sakura Space
Sakura Cupid
Sakura Magical Girls
Sakura Shrine Girls
Sakura Agent
Sakura MMO 2
Samorost 3
Serial Cleaner
Sheltered
SHENZHEN I/O
Shoppe Keep
Shoppe Keep 2
Smoke and Sacrifice
Sonic & SEGA All-Stars Racing
Space Pilgrim Academy: Reunion
Space Moth DX
STASIS
StarCrossed
State of mind
Stealth 2: A Game of Clones
Stealth Bastard Deluxe x 2
Steamburg
Still Life 2
Strider
Stronghold HD
Stygian: Reign of the Old Ones
Super Hexagon
Super Panda Adventures
Syberia
Syberia II
System Shock: Enhanced Edition
System Shock 2
Tales from Candlekeep: Tomb of Annihilation
Teleglitch Die More Edition
Teslagrad
Time Mysteries 3: The Final Enigma
Tharsis
The Ball
The Deed
The Dwarves
The Haunted Island, a Frog Detective
The Hex
The King's Bird
The Last Door: Season 2 - Collector's Edition
The Purring Quest
There Came An Echo
The Signal From Tölva
Think of the Children
This War of Mine
Tomb Raider IV: The Last Revelation
Tomb Raider Legend
Tower of Guns
Tropico 3 Gold
Tropico 4
Tropico Trilogy
Underhero
Unrest
Valnir Rok Survival RPG
Velocity Ultra Deluxe
Vertiginous Golf
Viking Saga The Cursed Ring
VVVVVV
Warstone TD
Without Within 2
Whispers of a machine
Wings of Vi
Wizard Of Legends
WRC 7 FIA World Rally Championship
Zoo Park


TIER 4
Acceleration of SUGURI 2
Age of Wonders III
Alien Spidy
Almost There: The Platformer
A New Beginning – Final Cut
AtmaSphere
Battle vs chees
Bleed 2
Circuit Breakers
CreaVures
Cubicle Quest
Cursed Castilla
Dashing Dinos
Death Fungeon
DungeonUp x 2
Earth 2150 Trilogy
Enclave
Endless Space – Collection
Evergarden
Fight N rage
Fluffy Horde
Gloom
Gorky 17
Hacknet Deluxe Edition
Haegemonia: The Solon Heritage
HIVESWAP: Act 1
Holy Potatoes a Spy Story
Homefront
Horizon Shift
Journey of a Roach
Learn Japanese to survive Hiragana Battle
Left in the Dark: No One on Board
Leisure Suit Larry 5 - Passionate Patti Does a Little Undercover Work
Leisure Suit Larry 6 - Shape Up Or Slip Out
Little Racers STREET
Lock Parsing 2
Love is Dead
Midnight Mysteries 3: Devil on the Mississippi
Memoria
Morphblade
Moss Destruction
NAIRI: Tower of Shirin
NeuroVoider
Niche
Nostradamus: The Last Prophecy
No Time to Explain Remastered
One Finger Death Punch
OneShift
Pesterquest
Purrfect Date – Visual Novel/Dating Simulator
Raceland
Regions Of Ruin
Regular Human Basketball x 2
Rencounter
Renoir
Return to Mysterious Island
Resort Boss: Golf
Rym 9000
Sakura Spirit
Sakura Angels
Sakura Fantasy
Sakura Beach
Sakura Beach 2
Sakura MMO
Seraph
Shooting Stars!
Silence
Sky Break
Space Pilgrim Episode III: Delta Pavonis
Space Pilgrim Episode IV: Sol
Spandex Force: Champion Rising
Steel Rats
Subterrain
Super Daryl Deluxe
Sword Legacy Omen
Taxi
The Adventure Pals x 3
The Deed: Dynasty
The Emerald Maiden: Symphony of Dream
the red solstice
The Town of Light
The Spiral Scouts
The Uncertain - The Last Quiet Day
Tiny Troopers
Tracks - The Train Set Game
ttv2
Twilight City Love as a Cure
Two Worlds: Epic Edition
Tumblestone
Unhack
Unhack 2
Viking Saga New World
White Noise Online
World Keepers Last Resort
Zombie Party x 2
submitted by marcoxnt93 to indiegameswap [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 16:10 gothicgrape_ Chubby Cammers?

Hey y’all! I’m a plus size girl and I haven’t started camming yet but made an only fans. I have a few vfans on there but feel like I should also get into camming. However! Idk where to begin because I don’t fit the norms or what popular cammers look like. For example, I’m on the chubby side and I’m African American. Do you know of any sites that won’t sweep me under the algorithm?
submitted by gothicgrape_ to CamGirlProblems [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 15:59 marcoxnt93 [H] Steam Games [W] Offers

TIER 1
ARMA 3
Age of Wonders Planetfall
Borderlands: The Handsome Collection EU
Borderlands: The Handsome Collection US
Devil May Cry 4 Special Edition
Dirt Rally 2.0 + 3 DLC
DMC:Devil May Cry
F1 2018
F1 2019 Anniversary Edition
Forts
Frostpunk
Grid ultimate edition
GoNNER BLüEBERRY EDiTION
Hellblade : Senua's Sacrifice
Hitman Absolution
Hollow Knight
Jurassic World Evolution + DLC x 2
Kerbal Space Program
Legend of Grimrock 2
Metal Gear Solid V The Phantom Pain
Middle-Earth Shadow of War
MOLEK-SYNTEZ
Outlast 2
Pathfinder Kingmaker Explorer Edition
Pro cycling manager 2019
Project CARS 2 + Japanese Cars Bonus Pack
Resident Evil 5 + DLC
Resident Evil HD
Risen
Risen 2 Gold Edition
Rise of Industry
Sigma Theory: Global Cold War
Soul Calibur 6
Supraland
Syberia 3
Tales of Berseria
The Bard’s Tale IV: Director’s Cut
The Division + DLC US
The Witness
The Jackbox Party Pack 2
The Jackbox Party Pack 4
This Is the Police 2
TRINE 2 Compete Story
Two Point Hospital
Ultimate Chicken Horse
WARHAMMER 40,000: Gladius- Relics of War
X-com 2 + DLC

TIER 2
Agents of Mayhem
American Truck Simulator
Armello x 3
Asterix Obelix XXL 2
Band of Defenders
Battle Chasers: Nightwar
Battletech x 2
Bioshock Infinite
BioShock Remastered
Book of Demons
CHAOS CODE -NEW SIGN OF CATASTROPHE-
Choice Chamber
Chess Ultra
Degrees of Separation
Dragon Age Origins
Driftland: The Magic Revival
Duke Nukem Manhattan Project
Duck Game x 2
Empire Total War
Euro Truck Simulator 2
EVOLAND
eXperience 112
Fell Seal: Arbiter’s Mark
Flying Tigers: Shadows Over China - Deluxe Edition
FTL: Advanced Edition
Grid Autosport
Gunman Tales
Kingdom Rush Frontiers
King's Bounty: Crossworlds
King’s Bounty: Warriors of the North - The Complete Edition
Looterkings
Men of War: Assault Squad 2 - War Chest Edition
Metro Last Light Redux US
MO:Astray
Neo Cab
NEOVERSE
Observer
Odyssey - The Story of Science
OF MICE AND SAND -REVISED-
Omerta Gold Edition
Opus Magnum
Overcooked
Overgrowth
Overlord II x 2
Plunge
Project Cars + Limited Edition Upgrade
Quest of Dungeons
Raiden V: Director’s Cut
Rebuild 3: Gangs of Deadsville
RiMe
Road to Guangdong - Story-Based Indie Road Trip Driving Game
Sanctuary RPG: Black Edition
Sakura Sadist
Sherlock Holmes: The Devil's Daughter
Sinking Island
Sleeping Dogs Definitive Edition
Sonic All Stars Transformed Collection
Sonic generations collection
STAR WARS Jedi Knight - Jedi Academy
STAR WARS™ Jedi Knight II - Jedi Outcast
STAR WARS The Force Unleashed Ultimate Sith Edition
Star Wars Kotor
Star Wars Kotor 2
Star Wolves 3: Civil War
Styx Master of Shadows
SUPER TIME FORCE ULTRA
Surviving Mars x 2
Titan Quest Anniversary Edition
The Gardens Between
The Messenger
The Stillness of the Wind
The Swords of Ditto: Mormo’s Curse
The Walking Dead Season 2
Train Valley 2
Trüberbrook
Turok 2: Seeds of Evil
Tropico 5
Walking Dead Season 2
Worms Clan Wars
Warhammer 40000 Gladius
WARSAW
Without Within 3


TIER 3
911 operator + Special Operator DLC
Acorn Assault: Rodent Revolution
alan wake collector edition
AI War 2
All You Can Eat
Atari Vault
Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation
Bad North: Jotunn Edition
Belladonna
Black Death
BLACKHOLE
Blitzkrieg Anthology
Bomber Crew - Deluxe Edition
Borealis
Broken Age x 2
Bunker Punks
Cally's caves 3
Capitalism 2
Cast of the Seven Godsends
Chaos Reborn
Company of Heroes 2
Contagion
Crazy Belts
Crowntakers
CryoFall
CTU: Counter Terrorism Unit
Dad Quest x 2
Darkest Dungeon: The Shieldbreaker
Dark Heritage: Guardians of Hope
Dark Strokes The Legend of the Snow Kingdom Collectors Edition
Death Squared
Deep Sky Derelicts
Deus Ex: Invisible War
Dimension Drifter
Distrust : Polar Survival
Duke Nukem Forever x 2
Dungeon Souls
Dungeon Siege II
EarthNight
Eastside Hockey Manager
Eliza
Enforcer: Police Crime Action
Epistory - Typing Chronicles
Etherborn
Etherlords I & II
Evergarden
EXAPUNKS
Extinction
Fahrenheit: Indigo Prophecy Remastered
Fallout 3
Farming World
Figment
Fire
FRAMED Collection
Garfield Kart
Gas Guzzlers Extreme
GNOG
Goat simulator
God's Trigger
Grim Legends 2: Song of the Dark Swan
Gunscape Standard Edition
Hacknet + DLC
Heave Ho
Heavy Burger
Heroes of Annihilated Empires
Hidden Object 6in1 bundle
hitman blood money
Hive Jump
HORACE
Hue
Hyperspace Invaders II: Pixel Edition
I am not a Monster
Immortal Planet
In Between
Injustice
Innerspace
Iron Fisticle
ken follet
Kingdom: Classic
Kingdom Rush
Knights of Pen & Paper 2
Laser Disco Defenders
LEGO Batman 3: Beyond Gotham
Lego harry potter 5-7
Lemuria Lost in Space
Lostwinds
Luxor 3
Luxor Evolved
Machinarium
Mages of Mystralia
Magrunner: Dark Pulse
MagiCat
Masquerade: The Baubles of Doom
Medieval Kingdom Wars
Megaman Legacy Collection
Mini Ninjas
Mini Metro
MirrorMoon EP
Momodora
MotoGP 15
MXGP - The Official Motocross Videogame
Mr. Shifty
My Memory of Us
Mystery Loss
Nba Playgrounds
Newt One
Neverending Nightmares
Niche
Niffelheim
Nightmares from the Deep: The Cursed Heart
Night Call
Odallus: The Dark Call
Of Orcs And Men
Omen Exitio: Plague
Orn the tiny forest sprite
Overload
PAC-MAN™ CHAMPIONSHIP EDITION 2
Paper Fire Rookie
Paperbark
Paradigm
Particula
Party Hard
Perfect Universe
Pickers
Pirate Pop Plus
Pixel Heroes
Phantom Doctrine
Planet Alpha
Planet of the Eyes
Post Master
Prehistoric Tales
Primal Carnage: Extinction
Q.U.B.E. 2
Rapture Rejects
Realpolitiks
Rebel Galaxy
Re-Legion
Remnants of Naezith
Rezrog
River City Ransom: Underground
Roombo: First Blood
RRRR
Sakura Gamer
Sakura Space
Sakura Cupid
Sakura Magical Girls
Sakura Shrine Girls
Sakura Agent
Sakura MMO 2
Samorost 3
Serial Cleaner
Sheltered
SHENZHEN I/O
Shoppe Keep
Shoppe Keep 2
Smoke and Sacrifice
Sonic & SEGA All-Stars Racing
Space Pilgrim Academy: Reunion
Space Moth DX
STASIS
StarCrossed
State of mind
Stealth 2: A Game of Clones
Stealth Bastard Deluxe x 2
Steamburg
Still Life 2
Strider
Stronghold HD
Stygian: Reign of the Old Ones
Super Hexagon
Super Panda Adventures
Syberia
Syberia II
System Shock: Enhanced Edition
System Shock 2
Tales from Candlekeep: Tomb of Annihilation
Teleglitch Die More Edition
Teslagrad
Time Mysteries 3: The Final Enigma
Tharsis
The Ball
The Deed
The Dwarves
The Haunted Island, a Frog Detective
The Hex
The King's Bird
The Last Door: Season 2 - Collector's Edition
The Purring Quest
There Came An Echo
The Signal From Tölva
Think of the Children
This War of Mine
Tomb Raider IV: The Last Revelation
Tomb Raider Legend
Tower of Guns
Tropico 3 Gold
Tropico 4
Tropico Trilogy
Underhero
Unrest
Valnir Rok Survival RPG
Velocity Ultra Deluxe
Vertiginous Golf
Viking Saga The Cursed Ring
VVVVVV
Warstone TD
Without Within 2
Whispers of a machine
Wings of Vi
Wizard Of Legends
WRC 7 FIA World Rally Championship
Zoo Park


TIER 4
Acceleration of SUGURI 2
Age of Wonders III
Alien Spidy
Almost There: The Platformer
A New Beginning – Final Cut
AtmaSphere
Battle vs chees
Bleed 2
Circuit Breakers
CreaVures
Cubicle Quest
Cursed Castilla
Dashing Dinos
Death Fungeon
DungeonUp x 2
Earth 2150 Trilogy
Enclave
Endless Space – Collection
Evergarden
Fight N rage
Fluffy Horde
Gloom
Gorky 17
Hacknet Deluxe Edition
Haegemonia: The Solon Heritage
HIVESWAP: Act 1
Holy Potatoes a Spy Story
Homefront
Horizon Shift
Journey of a Roach
Learn Japanese to survive Hiragana Battle
Left in the Dark: No One on Board
Leisure Suit Larry 5 - Passionate Patti Does a Little Undercover Work
Leisure Suit Larry 6 - Shape Up Or Slip Out
Little Racers STREET
Lock Parsing 2
Love is Dead
Midnight Mysteries 3: Devil on the Mississippi
Memoria
Morphblade
Moss Destruction
NAIRI: Tower of Shirin
NeuroVoider
Niche
Nostradamus: The Last Prophecy
No Time to Explain Remastered
One Finger Death Punch
OneShift
Pesterquest
Purrfect Date – Visual Novel/Dating Simulator
Raceland
Regions Of Ruin
Regular Human Basketball x 2
Rencounter
Renoir
Return to Mysterious Island
Resort Boss: Golf
Rym 9000
Sakura Spirit
Sakura Angels
Sakura Fantasy
Sakura Beach
Sakura Beach 2
Sakura MMO
Seraph
Shooting Stars!
Silence
Sky Break
Space Pilgrim Episode III: Delta Pavonis
Space Pilgrim Episode IV: Sol
Spandex Force: Champion Rising
Steel Rats
Subterrain
Super Daryl Deluxe
Sword Legacy Omen
Taxi
The Adventure Pals x 3
The Deed: Dynasty
The Emerald Maiden: Symphony of Dream
the red solstice
The Town of Light
The Spiral Scouts
The Uncertain - The Last Quiet Day
Tiny Troopers
Tracks - The Train Set Game
ttv2
Twilight City Love as a Cure
Two Worlds: Epic Edition
Tumblestone
Unhack
Unhack 2
Viking Saga New World
White Noise Online
World Keepers Last Resort
Zombie Party x 2
submitted by marcoxnt93 to GameTrade [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 15:42 Zipdox So you're a gamer? Name every game.

!Que Pasa Neng!
!Shin Chan: Flipa en colores!
&: Sora no Mukou de Saki Masuyou ni
'70s Robot Anime: Geppy-X
'89 Dennou Kyuusei Uranai
'96 Zenkoku Koukou Soccer Senshuken
'98 Koushien
'99 Koushien
*NSYNC: Get to the Show
-8
...Iru!
.hack//Fragment
.hack//G.U. vol. 1//Rebirth
.hack//G.U. vol. 2//Reminisce
.hack//G.U. vol. 3//Redemption
.hack//Infection Part 1
.hack//Link
.hack//Mutation Part 2
.hack//Outbreak Part 3
.hack//Quarantine Part 4
.hack//Vol. 1 x Vol. 2
.hack: Sekai no Mukou ni+ Versus - Hybrid Pack
0 Story
0-Kara no Shogi: Shogi Youchien - Ayumi Gumi
0-ji no Kane to Cinderella: Halloween Wedding
007 Legends
007 Racing
007: Agent Under Fire
007: Everything or Nothing
007: NightFire
007: Quantum of Solace
007: Racing / Medal of Honor / 007: Tomorrow Never Dies - Collector's Edition
007: The World Is Not Enough
007: The World is Not Enough
007: Tomorrow Never Dies
1 vs. 100
1, 2, Switch
1-Jikan de Wakaru Kabushiki Toushi
1/2 summer+
10 Minute Solution
10 Pin Bowling
10 Pin: Champions Alley
10,000 Bullets
10-Yard Fight
100 All-Time Favorites
100 Classic Books
100 Classic Games
100 Kiri Golf DS
100 Manyen Quiz Hunter
100% Pascal Sensei: Kanpeki Paint Bombers
1000 Cooking Recipes from Elle a Table
1001 Crosswords
1001 Touch Games
101-in-1 Explosive Megamix
101-in-1 Party Megamix
101-in-1 Sports Megamix
101-in-1 Sports Party Megamix
10101: "Will" the Starship
1080 Snowboarding
1080: Avalanche
11 Eyes: CrossOver
12-Ji no Kane to Cinderella: Cinderella Series Triple Zenkan Pack
12-Ji no Kane to Cinderella: Halloween Wedding
12-Sai. Honto no Kimochi
12-Sai. Koisuru Diary
12-Sai. Torokeru Puzzle Futari no Harmony
12-Toki no Kane to Cinderella Series Triple Zenkan Pack
120-en no Haru: 120 Yen Stories
12Riven: The Psi-Climinal of Integral
13-Sai no Hello Work DS
1500DS Spirits Vol. 10: Igo
1500DS Spirits Vol. 1: Mahjong
1500DS Spirits Vol. 2: Shogi
1500DS Spirits Vol. 3: Block Kuzushi
1500DS Spirits Vol. 4: Reversi
1500DS Spirits Vol. 5: Hanafuda
1500DS Spirits Vol. 6: Trump
1500DS Spirits Vol. 7: Chess
1500DS Spirits Vol. 8: Darts
1500DS Spirits Vol. 9: Futari-uchi Mahjong
1500DS Spirits: Mahjong V
1500DS Spirits: Shogi V
1552 Tenka Tairan
16 Tales: Vol. 1
16 Tales: Vol. 2
16 Tales: Vol. 3
16 Tales: Vol. 4
18 Card Games
18 Classic Card Games
18 Wheeler: American Pro Trucker
187 Ride or Die
1941: Counter Attack
1942
1943 Kai
1943: The Battle of Midway
1945 I&II The Arcade Games
1999 Hore, Mitakotoka! Seikimatsu
19: Neunzehn
19:03 Ueno Hatsu Yakou Ressha
2 Games For 1 Great Price!: Big Beach Sports / Big Beach Sports 2
2 Games In 1 Double Pack - Hot Wheels: World Race / Velocity X
2 Games In 1 Double Pack - SpongeBob SquarePants: Battle for Bikini Bottom / Nicktoons: Freeze Frame Frenzy
2 Games In 1 Double Pack - SpongeBob SquarePants: SuperSponge / Revenge of the Flying Dutchman
2 Games In 1 Double Pack: Finding Nemo / Monsters, Inc.
2 Games In 1 Double Pack: Power Rangers: Time Force / Power Rangers: Ninja Storm
2 Games In 1 Double Value!: Monster Trucks / Quad Desert Fury
2 Games In 1: Disney Princess + Disney's The Lion King
2 Games In 1: Disney's Baren Bruder + Disney's Konig der Lowen
2 Games In 1: Disney's Brother Bear / Disney Princess
2 Games In 1: Finding Nemo / The Incredibles
2 Games In 1: LEGO Knights' Kingdom + LEGO Bionicle
2 Games In 1: Shrek 2 / Shark Tale
2 Games In 1: Sonic Pinball Party + Sonic Battle
2 Games In 1: Sonic Pinball Party / Columns Crown
2 Games In 1: SpongeBob SquarePants: SuperSponge / Rugrats Go Wild
2 Games In 1: The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie / SpongeBob SquarePants and Friends in Freeze Frame Frenzy
2 Games for 1 Great Price!: Wheel of Fortune / Jeopardy!
2 Games in 1 Double Pack: Scooby-Doo / Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed
2 Games in 1 Double Pack: Scooby-Doo and the Cyber Chase / Scooby-Doo! Mystery Mayhem
2 Games in 1 Double Pack: SpongeBob SquarePants: Battle for Bikini Bottom / The Fairly OddParents! Breakin' Da Rules
2 Games in 1 Double Pack: The Incredibles / Finding Nemo: The Continuing Adventures
2 Games in 1! Archer Maclean's Mercury / Mercury Meltdown
2 Games in 1: GT Advance 3: Pro Concept Racing + MotoGP
2 Games in 1: Sonic Advance + Sonic Battle
2 Games in 1: The Incredibles / Finding Nemo
2 Games in 1: The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie / Battle for Bikini Bottom
2 Games in 1: The SpongeBob SquarePants Movie / Tak 2: The Staff of Dreams
2 Hits Pack: Sonic Forces / Puyo Puyo Tetris - Sega Collection
2 In 1 Game Pack: Shrek 2 / Shark Tale
2 In 1 Game Pack: Spider-Man / Spider-Man 2
2 In 1 Game Pack: Spider-Man Mysterio's Menace / X2 Wolverine's Revenge
2 In 1 Game Pack: Tony Hawk's Underground / Kelly Slater's Pro Surfer
2 In 1: Asterix & Obelix Jetzt Geht's Rund! + Asterix & Obelix XXL
2 Jeux En 1: Titeuf: Ze Gag Machine / Titeuf: Mega Compet
2 Pak Special: Dungeon Master / Creature Strike
2 Xtreme
2 for 1 Power Pack: Indianapolis 500 Legends/WWII Aces
2 for 1 Power Pack: Kawasaki Jet Ski/Summer Sports 2
2 for 1 Power Pack: Winter Blast/Summer Sports 2
2 in 1 Combo Pack: Sonic Heroes / Super Monkey Ball Deluxe
2 in 1 Combo Pack: Sonic Mega Collection Plus / Super Monkey Ball Deluxe
2-In-1 Fun Pack: Madagascar: Operation Penguin / Shrek 2
2-in-1 Party Pack: Shrek's Carnival Craze / Madagascar Kartz
200-Mannin no KanKen: Tokoton Kanji Nou
2002 FIFA World Cup
2003-Toshi Kaimaku: Ganbare Kyuukaiou
2010 FIFA World Cup South Africa
2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil
2020 Super Baseball
20th Century Video Almanac
21 Card Games
21 Emon: Mezase! Hotel Ou
21: TwoOne
24-ji no Kane to Cinderella: Halloween Wedding
24: The Game
25 to Life
250 Mannin no Kanken Premium - Zenkyuu Zen-Kanji Kanzen Seiha
250 Mannin no Kanken: Wii de Tokoton Kanji Nou
2999 Game Kids
2Dark
2K Essentials Collection: Bioshock / Borderlands / XCOM: Enemy Unknown
2K Essentials Collection: Bioshock / Borderlands/ XCOM: Enemy Unknown
2K Power Pack
2Tax Gold
3 Choume no Tama: Tama and Friends - 3 Choume Obake Panic!!
3 Count Bout
3 Games in 1: Tak / SuperSponge / Rugrats: I Gotta Go Party
3 Ninjas Kick Back
3 Ninjas Kick Back / Hook
3 in 1: Solitaire, Mahjong & Tangram
3-D Tetris
3-D Tic-Tac-Toe
3-D Ultra Pinball: Thrillride
3-D WorldRunner
3-Fun Yosou Umaban Club
3-Nen B-Gumi Kinpachi Sensei: Densetsu no Kyoudan ni Tate!
300: March to Glory
360: Three Sixty
3D Atlas
3D Baseball
3D Crazy Coaster
3D Dot Game Heroes
3D Game Collection: 55-in-1
3D Lemmings
3D MahJongg
3D Mine Storm
3D MiniGolf
3D Narrow Escape
3D Pocket Pool
3D Shooting Tsukuru
3DO Buffet
3LDK: Shiawase ni Narouyo
3X3 Eyes: Kyuusei Koushu S
3Xtreme
3on3 Freestyle
3x3 Eyes: Juuma Houkan
3x3 Eyes: Kyuusei Koushu
3x3 Eyes: Sanjiyan Henjyo
3x3 Eyes: Seima Kourinden
3x3 Eyes: Tenrinou Genmu
4 Elements
4 Elements II
4 Games on One Game Pak: GT Advance / GT Advance 2 / GT Advance 3 / MotoGP
4 Nin Shogi
4 Nin uchi Mahjong
4 Wheel Thunder
4 in 1 Action Pack
4 in 1 Row
4 in 1 Super CD
4-4-2 Soccer
4-in-1 Fun Pak
4-in-1 Funpak: Volume II
40 Winks
428: Fuusa Sareta Shibuya de
4X4 EVO 2
4X4 Evolution
4x4 EVO 2
4x4 Evolution
5 In One Fun Pak
5 Star Racing
5-Kyuu kara 1-Kyuu Kanzen Taiou: Saishin Kako Mondai - 2-Ji Shiken Taisaku - Eiken Kanzenban
5-nin no Koi Prince: Himitsu no Keiyaku Kekkon
50 Cent: Blood on the Sand
50 Cent: Bulletproof
50 Cent: Bulletproof G Unit Edition
50 Classic Games
50 Classic Games 3D
50 More Classic Games
6 Inch My Darling
6 in 1
6-Pak
64 Hanafuda: Tenshi no Yakusoku
64 Oozumou
64 Oozumou 2
64 Trump Collection: Alice no Waku Waku Trump World
64 de Hakken! Tamagotchi Minna de Tamagotchi World
688 Attack Sub
7 Blades
7 Days to Die
7 Sins
7 Wonders II
7 Wonders of the Ancient World
7 Wonders: Treasures of Seven
7'scarlet
700-Banjin no Atama o Yokusuru: Chou Keisan DS - 13000-Mon + Image Keisan
720 Degrees
77: Beyond the Milky Way
7th Dragon
7th Dragon 2020
7th Dragon 2020-II
7th Dragon III Code: VFD
8 Eyes
8-Bit Armies
88 Heroes
88 Heroes: 98 Heroes Edition
8BallAllstars
90 Minutes: European Prime Goal
90 Minutes: Sega Championship Football
989 Sports Demo Disc
99 Nendohan: Eitango Center 1500
99 no Namida
u/field
A Boy and His Blob
A Boy and His Blob: Trouble on Blobolonia
A Bug's Life
A Bug's Life / Tigger's Honey Hunt / Tarzan - Collector's Edition
A Bug's Life Activity Centre
A King's Tale: Final Fantasy XV
A Labyrinth Game / Supermind
A Mars Moose Adventure - Cosmic Quest 1: City Sights
A Mars Moose Adventure - Cosmic Quest 2: Fairy Tale Island
A Mars Moose Adventure - Cosmic Quest 3: Race Through France
A Mars Moose Adventure - Stay & Play 1: In the Clubhouse
A Mars Moose Adventure - Stay & Play 2: In Mars' Bedroom
A Mars Moose Adventure - Stay & Play 3: In Lonnie's Classroom
A Mars Moose Adventure - Walkabout 1: The Natural History Museum
A Mars Moose Adventure - Walkabout 2: The Shakespeare Festival
A Mars Moose Adventure - Walkabout 3: World Sports Day
A Nanjarin
A Rose in the Twilight
A Witch's Tale
A Year at Pooh Corner
A-Rank Thunder Tanjouhen
A-Ressha de Ikou
A-Ressha de Ikou 2001
A-Ressha de Ikou 2001 Perfect Set
A-Ressha de Ikou 3D NEO
A-Ressha de Ikou DS
A-Ressha de Ikou DS: Navigation Pack
A-Ressha de Ikou MD
A-Ressha de Ikou Z: Mezase! Tairiku Oudan
A-Train 3D: City Simulator
A-Train 6
A-Train HX
A-Train: City Simulator
A-Train: Trains - Power - Money
A. IV Evolution: A-Ressha de Ikou 4
A.C.E.: Another Century's Episode
A.C.E.: Another Century's Episode 2
A.C.E.: Another Century's Episode 3: The Final
A.C.E.: Another Century's Episode R
A.III: A-Ressha de Ikou III
A.P.B.
A.S.P. Air Strike Patrol
A.W. Phoenix Festa
A/X-101
A2 Racer II
A2 Racer III: Europa Tour
A5: A-Ressha de Ikou 5
AAAHH!!! Real Monsters
ABBA: You Can Dance
ABC Monday Night Football
ABPA Backgammon
ABZU
AC/DC LIVE: Rock Band Track Pack
AC/DC Live: Rock Band Track Pack
ACB Total 2010/2011
ACME Animation Factory
ADK Tamashii
AFL 99
AFL Live 2004
AH-3 Thunderstrike
AI Igo
AI Igo 2003
AI Igo: Saturn Version
AI Mahjong
AI Mahjong 2003
AI Mahjong Selection
AI Shogi
AI Shogi 2
AI Shogi 2 Deluxe
AI Shogi 2000
AI Shogi 2003
AI Shogi 3
AI Shogi Selection
AIII S.V.: A-Ressha de Ikou 3 Super Version
AKB1/149: Renai Sousenkyo
AKB1/48: Idol to Guam de Koishitara...
AKB1/48: Idol to Koishitara...
AKB48+Me
ALC no 10-Punkan Eigo Master: Chuukyuu
ALC no 10-Punkan Eigo Master: Joukyuu
ALC no 10-Punkan Eigo Master: Shokyuu
ALF
AMF Bowling 2004
AMF Bowling Pinbusters!
AMF Bowling World Lanes
AMF Xtreme Bowling
AR Games
ARK: Survival Evolved
ASCII Entertainment Demo Disc
ASH: Archaic Sealed Heat
ATP Tour Championship Tennis
ATV Mania
ATV Offroad Fury
ATV Offroad Fury 2
ATV Offroad Fury 3
ATV Offroad Fury 4
ATV Offroad Fury Pro
ATV Offroad Fury: Blazin' Trails
ATV Quad Frenzy
ATV Quad Kings
ATV Quad Power Racing 2
ATV Racers
ATV Racing
ATV Renegades
ATV Thunder Ridge Riders / Monster Trucks Mayhem
ATV Wild Ride
ATV: Quad Power Racing
ATV: Thunder Ridge Riders
AV Poker World Gambler
Aa Harimanada
Aa Megami-sama
Aa Yakyuu Jinsei Icchokusen
Abadox: The Deadly Inner War
AbalaBurn
Abarenbou Princess
Absolute Supercars
Absolute: Blazing Infinity
Abunai Koi no Sousashitsu: Eternal Happiness
Abunai: Koi no Sousa Shitsu
Academy of Champions: Soccer
Accel World vs. Sword Art Online: Millennium Twilight
Accel World: Ginyoku no Kakusei
Accel World: Kasoku no Chouten
Accele Brid
Ace Attorney Investigations: Miles Edgeworth
Ace Combat 04: Shattered Skies
Ace Combat 2
Ace Combat 3: Electrosphere
Ace Combat 5: The Unsung War
Ace Combat 6: Fires of Liberation
Ace Combat 6: Kaihou e no Senka / Beautiful Katamari Damacy
Ace Combat 6: Kaihou e no Senka / Lost Planet: Colonies
Ace Combat Advance
Ace Combat Assault Horizon
Ace Combat X: Skies of Deception
Ace Combat Zero: The Belkan War
Ace Combat: Assault Horizon Legacy
Ace Combat: Assault Horizon Legacy+
Ace Combat: Joint Assault
Ace Lightning
Ace o Nerae!
Ace of Aces
Aces of War
Aces of the Air
Acid
Acid Drop
Aconcagua
Acrobat Mission
Acrylic Palette: Irodori Cafe - Cheers
ActRaiser
ActRaiser 2
Action 52
Action Bass
Action Fighter
Action Girlz Racing
Action Man A.T.O.M.: Alpha Teens on Machines
Action Man: Destruction X
Action Man: Operation Extreme
Action Man: Robot Atak
Action Man: Search for Base X
Action Pachio
Action Pack: Prince of Persia Revelations, Driver 76, Rainbow Six Vegas
Active Health with Carol Vorderman
Active Life Explorer
Active Life Value Pack
Active Life: Extreme Challenge
Active Life: Magical Carnival
Active Life: Outdoor Challenge
Activision Anthology
Activision Classic Games
Activision Demo Action Pack
Activision Hits Remixed
Actua Golf 3
Actua Ice Hockey
Actua Ice Hockey 2
Actua Pool
Actua Soccer 2
Actua Soccer 3
Actua Soccer: Club Edition
Actua Tennis
Ad Lib Ouji ...to Fuyukai na Nakama-tachi!?
Adam & Eve
Adam's Venture Chronicles
Adam's Venture: Origins
Addams Family Values
Addie no Okurimono: To Moze from Addie
Adian no Tsue
Adiboo & Paziral's Secret
Adiboo and the Energy Thieves
Adibou Et L'Ombre Verte
Adidas Power Soccer
Adidas Power Soccer 2
Adidas Power Soccer 98
Adidas Power Soccer International '97
Adidas miCoach
Adrenalin Misfits
Adult Swim Collection
Advan Racing
Advance Guardian Heroes
Advance Wars
Advance Wars 2: Black Hole Rising
Advance Wars: Days of Ruin
Advance Wars: Dual Strike
Advanced Daisenryaku 2001
Advanced Daisenryaku: Deutsch Dengeki Sakusen
Advanced Daisenryaku: Europe no Arashi - Doitsu Dengeki Sakusen
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: DragonStrike
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Dragons of Flame
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Eye of the Beholder
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Heroes of the Lance
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Hillsfar
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Iron & Blood: Warriors of Ravenloft
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Pool of Radiance
Advanced Dungeons & Dragons: Treasure of Tarmin
Advanced V.G.
Advanced V.G. 2
Advanced World War: Sennen Teikoku no Koubou
Advent Rising
Adventure
Adventure II
Adventure Island
Adventure Island 3
Adventure Island II
Adventure Island II: Aliens in Paradise
Adventure Mega Pack
Adventure Player
Adventure Quiz Capcom World: Hatena no Daibouken
Adventure Time: Explore the Dungeon Because I DON'T KNOW!
Adventure Time: Finn and Jake Investigations
Adventure Time: Hey Ice King! Why'd You Steal Our Garbage?!
Adventure Time: The Secret of the Nameless Kingdom
Adventure of Little Ralph
Adventure of Tokyo Disney Sea
Adventures in Letterland With Jack and Jill
Adventures of Dino Riki
Adventures of Lolo
Adventures of Lolo 2
Adventures of Lolo 3
Adventures of Tom Sawyer
Adventures of Tron
Adventures of Yogi Bear
Adventures to Go!
Aedis Eclipse: Generation of Chaos
Aegis of Earth: Protonovus Assault
Aeon Flux
AereA
Aerial Assault
Aero Blasters
Aero Dancing F: Todoroki Tsubasa no Hatsu Hikou
Aero Dancing i
Aero Dancing i: Jikai Sakuma de Machite Masen
Aero Dancing: Torodoki Taichou no Himitsu Disc
Aero Elite: Combat Academy
Aero Fighters
Aero Fighters 2
Aero Fighters 3
Aero Fighters Assault
Aero The Acro-Bat
Aero the Acro-Bat
Aero the Acro-Bat 2
Aero the Acro-bat
AeroGauge
AeroWings
AeroWings 2: Air Strike
Aerobics Revolution
Aerobiz
Aerobiz Supersonic
Aerostar
AeternoBlade
Afraid Gear
Afraid Gear Another
Afrika
Afro Inu: The Puzzle
Afro Samurai
After Armageddon Gaiden: Majuu Toushouden Eclipse
After Burner
After Burner II
After Burner III
After Burner: Black Falcon
After Burst
After Hours Athletes
After... Wasureenu Kizuna
Again: Interactive Crime Novel
Agarest Senki Mariage
Agassi Tennis Generation
Agatha Christie's The ABC Murders
Agatha Christie: And Then There Were None
Agatha Christie: Evil Under the Sun
Agatha Christie: The ABC Murders
Age of Empires II: The Age of Kings
Age of Empires: Mythologies
Age of Empires: The Age of Kings
Agent Armstrong: Himitsu Shirei Daisakusen
Agent Collection
Agent Hugo
Agent Hugo: Hula Holiday
Agent Hugo: Lemoon Twist
Agent Hugo: Roborumble
Agents of Mayhem
Aggressive Inline
Aggressors of Dark Kombat
Agile Warrior F-111X
Ai Cho Aniki
Ai Sensei no Oshiete: Watashi no Hoshi
Ai Senshi Nicol
Ai Yori Aoshi
Aibou DS
Aidyn Chronicles: The First Mage
Aigiina no Yogen: Balubalouk no Densetsu Yori
Aigina no Yogen: Balubalouk no Densetsu Yori
Aikagi
Aikatsu Stars! My Special Appeal
Aikatsu! 2-nin no My Princess
Aikatsu! 365-Hi no Idol Days
Aikatsu! Cinderella Lesson
Aikatsu! My No.1 Stage!
Ailu de Puzzle
Air
Air Battle!
Air Buster
Air Cavalry
Air Combat
Air Conflicts Double Pack
Air Conflicts: Aces of World War II
Air Conflicts: Pacific Carriers
Air Conflicts: Secret Wars
Air Conflicts: Secret Wars - Ultimate Edition
Air Conflicts: Vietnam
Air Conflicts: Vietnam Ultimate Edition
Air Diver
Air Fortress
Air Hockey
Air Management '96
Air Race Championship
Air Raid
Air Raid 3
Air Raiders
Air Ranger 2 Plus: Rescue Helicopter
Air Ranger 2: Rescue Helicopter
Air Ranger: Rescue Helicopter
Air Rescue
Air Strike
Air Traffic Chaos
Air Zonk
Air-Sea Battle
AirBlade
AirBoarder 64
AirForce Delta
AirForce Delta Storm
AirForce Delta Strike
AirGrave
Airaki
Airborne Troops: Countdown to D-Day
Aircars
Airlock
Aironauts
Airs Adventure
Airship Q
Airwolf
Airwolf (Japan)
Aishiau Kotoshika Dekinai
Aisle Lord
Aitakute...Your Smiles in My Heart
Aiyoku no Eustia: Angel's Blessing
Aka-Chan Doubutsu Sono
Akagawa Jirou Mystery: Tsuki no Hikari
Akagawa Jirou Mystery: Yasoukyoku - Hon ni Manekareta Satsujin
Akagawa Jirou no Yuurei Ressha
Akagawa Jirou: Majotachi no Nemuri: Fukkatsusai
Akagawa Jirou: Yasoukyoku
Akagawa Jirou: Yasoukyoku 2
Akagi: Touhaiden
Akagi: Yami ni Furitatta Tensai
Akai Ito
Akai Ito DS
Akai Ito Destiny DS
Akai Katana
Akai Suna Ochiru Tsuki
Akane Iro ni Somaru Saka Portable
Akane Iro ni Somaru Saka: Parallel
Akatsuki no Amaneka to Aoi Kyojin
Akatsuki no Goei Trinity
Akaya Akashiya Ayakashino
Akazu no Ma
Akazukin ChaCha
Akiba's Beat
Akiba's Trip
Akiba's Trip 2+A
Akiba's Trip Plus
Akiba's Trip: Undead & Undressed
Akihabara Dennou Kumi Peta Pies!
Akira
Akira Psycho Ball
Akiyama Jin No Suugaku Mystery
Akko de Pon! Ikasama Hourouki
Akko ni Omakase! Brain Shock
Akogare Girls Collection: Lovely Youchien
Akogare Girls Collection: Mister Donut DS
Akogare Girls Collection: Ohanaya-San Monogatari
Akogare Girls Collection: Pika Pika Nurse Monogatari
Akogare Girls Collection: Suteki ni Nurse Days
Akudaikan
Akudaikan 2: Mousouden
Akudaikan 3
Akudaikan Manyuuki
Akudaikan Manyuuki: Seigi no Yaiba
Akuji the Heartless
Akuma Zensho Dainishuu
Akuma-kun: Makai no Wana
Akumajou Dracula
Akumajou Dracula X: Gekka no Yasoukyoku
Akumajou Special: Boku Dracula-kun
Akuu Senki Raijin
Al Unser Jr.'s Road to the Top
Al Unser Jr.'s Turbo Racing
Alabama Meets Will Vi
Aladdin Magic Racer
Alan Hansen's Sports Challenge
Alan Wake
Alarm for Cobra 11: Crash Time
Alarm fuer Cobra 11 Vol II
Albert Odyssey
Albert Odyssey 2: Jashin no Taidou
Albert Odyssey: Legend of Eldean
Album Club: Mune Kyun * Saint Poria Jogakuin
Alcahest
Aldynes
Aleck Bordon Adventure: Tower & Shaft Advance
Alekhine's Gun
Alex Ferguson's Player Manager 2001
Alex Ferguson's Player Manager 2002
Alex Kidd in Miracle World
Alex Kidd in Shinobi World
Alex Kidd in the Enchanted Castle
Alex Kidd: High-Tech World
Alex Kidd: The Lost Stars
Alex Rider: Stormbreaker
Alexandra Ledermann: Summer Camp Adventures
Alexi Lalas International Soccer
Alfa Romeo Racing Italiano
Alfred Chicken
Alfred's Adventure
Alia's Carnival! Sacrament
Alias
Alice in Cyberland
Alice in Wonderland
Alice no Paint Adventure
Alice on Borderlines
Alice's Mom's Rescue
Alice: Madness Returns
Alien
Alien 3
Alien Breed Trilogy
Alien Brigade
Alien Chaos 3D
Alien Crush
Alien Front Online
Alien Hominid
Alien Invaders Plus!
Alien Monster Bowling League
Alien Olympics
Alien Raiders
Alien Resurrection
Alien Soldier
Alien Storm
Alien Syndrome
Alien Trilogy
Alien vs. Predator
Alien vs. Predator: The Last of His Clan
Alien: Isolation
Alienators: Evolution Continues
Aliens Versus Predator: Extinction
Aliens in the Attic
Aliens vs. Predator
Aliens vs. Predator: Requiem
Aliens: Colonial Marines
Aliens: Infestation
Aliens: Thanatos Encounter
Alisia Dragoon
Alive
All 1
All Grown Up! Express Yourself
All Japan Pro Wrestling Featuring Virtua
All Japan Woman Pro Wrestling
All Kamen Rider: Rider Generation
All Kamen Rider: Rider Generation 2
All Kamen Rider: Rider Revolution
All Night Nippon Super Mario Bros.
All Round Hunter
All Star 5-A-Side Football
All Star Action
All Star Cheer Squad
All Star Cheer Squad 2
All Star Karate
All Star Pro-Wrestling
All Star Racing
All Star Racing 2
All Star Soccer
All Star Tennis '99
All Star Tennis 2000
All Star Tennis 99
All Star Watersports
All-Pro Basketball
All-Pro Football 2K8
All-Star 1997 Featuring Frank Thomas
All-Star Baseball
All-Star Baseball 2000
All-Star Baseball 2001
All-Star Baseball 2002
All-Star Baseball 2003
All-Star Baseball 2004
All-Star Baseball 2005
All-Star Baseball 99
All-Star Fighters
All-Star Mahjong: Kareinaru Shoubushi Kara no Chousen
All-Star Major League Baseball
All-Star Professional Wrestling II
All-Star Professional Wrestling III
All-Star Slammin' D-Ball
All-Star Tennis 2
Alleyway
Allied Ace Pilots
Allied General
Alnam no Kiba: Juuzoku Juuni Shinto Densetsu
Alnam no Tsubasa: Shoujin no Sora no Kanata e
Alone in the Dark
Alone in the Dark 2
Alone in the Dark: Inferno
Alone in the Dark: One-Eyed Jack's Revenge
Alone in the Dark: The New Nightmare
Alpha Beam With Ernie
Alpha Mission
Alpha Mission II
Alpha Protocol
Alpha and Omega
Alpine Racer 3
Alpine Ski Racing 2007
Alpine Skiing 2005
Alpine Skiing!
Alshark
Alter Echo
Altered Beast
Altered Beast: Guardian of the Realms
Altered Space: A 3-D Alien Adventure
Alundra
Alundra 2: A New Legend Begins
Alvin and the Chipmunks
Alvin and the Chipmunks: Chipwrecked
Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel
Alzadick: Summer Carnival `92
Amaekata wa Kanojo Nari ni.
Amagami
Amagi Shien
Amagon
Amagoushi no Yakata
Amagoushi no Yakata Portable: Ichiyagi Wa, Saisho no Junan
Amatsumi Sora ni! Kumo no Hatate ni
Amazing Adventures: The Forgotten Ruins
Amazing Island
Amazing Penguin
Amazing Tater
America Daitouryou Senkyo: United State Presidental Race
America Daitouryou Senkyo: United State Presidential Race
America Oudan Ultra Quiz
America Oudan Ultra Quiz: Shijou Saidai no Tatakai
America Oudan Ultra-Quiz
America Oudan Ultra-Quiz Part 2
America Oudan Ultra-Quiz Part 3
America Oudan Ultra-Quiz Part 4
America's Army: Rise of a Soldier
America's Army: True Soldiers
America's Greatest Game Shows: Wheel of Fortune & Jeopardy!
America's Next Top Model
America's Next Top Model (2008)
America's Test Kitchen: Let's Get Cooking
American Bass Challenge
American Battle Dome
American Chopper
American Chopper 2: Full Throttle
American Dream
American Girl: Julie Finds a Way
American Girl: Kit Mystery Challenge!
American Gladiators
American Idol
American Mensa Academy
American Ninja Warrior
American Pool
American Pool II
Amerzone: The Explorer's Legacy
Amida
Amidar
Amnesia
Amnesia Twin Pack
Amnesia World
Amnesia: Crowd
Amnesia: Later
Amnesia: Later x Crowd V. Edition
Amnesia: Memories
Amok
Among the Sleep
Amped 2
Amped 3
Amped: Freestyle Snowboarding
Amplitude
An American Tail
An American Tail: Fievel Goes West
An American Tail: Fievel's Gold Rush
AnEarth Fantasy Stories: First Volume
Anan Kanshuu: Onna Dikara Kinkyuu Up! DS
Anarchy Reigns
Anastasia
Anata Dake no Private Lesson - DS de Hajimeru - Tipness no Yoga
Anata o Yurusanai
Ancient Magic: Bazoe! Mahou Sekai
Ancient Roman: Power of Dark Side
And 1 Streetball
And-Kensaku
Andre Agassi Tennis
Andre Panza Kick Boxing
Andretti Racing
Andrew Lloyd Webber Musicals: Sing and Dance
Andro Dunos
Android Assault: The Revenge of Bari-Arm
Anesan
Angel Blade: Neo Tokyo Guardians
Angel Cat Sugar
Angel Collection
Angel Graffiti S: Anata e no Profile
Angel Graffiti: Anata e no Profile
Angel Love Online
Angel Paradise Vol. 1
Angel Paradise Vol. 2: Eshinu Kimika
Angel Present
Angel Profile
Angel Senki
Angel Wish
Angel Wish: Kimi no Egao ni Chu!
Angel's Feather
Angel's Feather: Kuro no Zanei
Angelic Concert
Angelique
Angelique Duet
Angelique Etoile
Angelique History
Angelique Retour
Angelique Special
Angelique Special 2
Angelique Trois
Angelique Trois: Aizouhen
Angelique Voice Fantasy
Angelique: Maren no Rokukishi
Angelique: Tenkuu no Requiem
Angler's Club: Ultimate Bass Fishing 3D
Angolmois 99
Angry Birds Star Wars
Angry Birds Trilogy
AniMates
AnimAction
Anima: Gate of Memories
Animal Boxing
Animal Breeder
Animal Breeder 2
Animal Breeder 3
Animal Breeder 4
Animal Crossing
Animal Crossing: City Folk
Animal Crossing: Happy Home Designer
Animal Crossing: New Leaf
Animal Crossing: New Leaf - Welcome Amiibo
Animal Crossing: Wild World
Animal Crossing: amiibo Festival
Animal Football
Animal Genius
Animal Hospital
Animal Kingdom: Wildlife Expedition
Animal Mania
Animal Paradise
Animal Paradise Wild
Animal Planet: Emergency Vets
Animal Planet: Vet Collection
Animal Planet: Vet Life
Animal Snap: Rescue Them 2 By 2
Animal Soccer World
Animal Yokochou: Doki Doki Kyuushutsu Daisakusen! no Maki
Animal Yokochou: Doki*Doki Shinkyuu Shiken! no Kan
Animaniacs
Animaniacs Ten Pin Alley
Animaniacs: Lights, Camera, Action!
Animaniacs: The Great Edgar Hunt
Animastar
Animastar GB
Anime Eikaiwa: 15 Shounen Hyouryuuhen
Anime Eikaiwa: Tondemo Nezumi Daikatsuyaku
Anime Eikaiwa: Totoi
Anime Slot Revolution: Pachi-Slot Kidou Senshi Gundam II - Ai Senshi Hen
Animetic Story Game 1: Card Captor Sakura
Animorphs
Animorphs: Shattered Reality
Ankh: Curse of the Scarab King
Ankh: Tutankhamen no Nazo
Ankoku Shinwa: Yamato Takeru Densetsu
Annet Futatabi
Anno 1701: Dawn of Discovery
Ano Hi Mita Hana no Namae o Bokutachi wa Mada Shiranai
Anoko Doko Noko
Anoko wa Ore Kara Hanarenai
Anone DS
Another Bible
Another Century's Episode Portable
Another Code: R - A Journey into Lost Memories
Another Memories
Another Mind
Another Time Another Leaf: Kagami no Naka no Tantei
Another World
Anpanman Niko Niko Party
Anpanman to Asobo: ABC Kyoushitsu
Anpanman to Asobo: Aiueo Kyoushitsu
Anpanman to Asobo: New Aiueo Kyoushitsu
Anpanman to Asobu: Aiueo Kyoushitsu DX
Anpanman to Touch de Waku Waku Training
Anpanman to Touch de Wakuwaku Training
Anpfiff: Der RTL Fussball-Manager
Ansatsu Kyoushitsu: Assassin Ikusei Keikaku!!
Ansatsu Kyoushitsu: Korosensei Daihouimou!!
Ant Nation
Antarctic Adventure
Anticipation
Antiphona no Seikahime: Tenshi no Score Op.A
Antz
Antz Extreme Racing
Antz Racing
Antz World Sportz
Anubis II
Ao Zora to Nakama Tachi: Yume no Bouken
Ao Zora to Nakama Tachi: Yume no Bouken Plus
Ao no 6-gou: Antarctica
Ao no Exorcist: Genkoku no Labyrinth
Ao no Kanata no Four Rhythm
Ao no Kanata no Four Rhythm HD Edition
Ao-Don DS: Hanabi no Goku & Hanabi no Takumi
Aoi Hagane no Kihei: Space Griffon
Aoi Namida
Aoi Sora no Neosphere: Nanoca Flanka Hatsumei Koubouki 2
Aoi Umi no Tristia Portable: Nanoca Flanka Hatsumei Koubouki
Aoi Umi no Tristia: 10th Anniversary Memorial Pack
Aoi Umi no Tristia: Nanoca Flanka Hatsumei Koubouki
Aoi no Mamade...
Aoishiro
Aoki Densetsu Shoot!
Aoki Kakumeki no Valkyria
Aoki Ookami to Shiroki Mejika: Genchou Hishi
Apache: Air Assault
Apathy: Narugami Gakuen Toshi Densetsu Tantei Kyoku
Ape Escape
Ape Escape 2
Ape Escape 3
Ape Escape Academy
Ape Escape Academy 2
Ape Escape: Million Monkeys
Ape Escape: On the Loose
Ape Escape: Pumped & Primed
Ape Quest
Apex
Apocalypse
Apocalypse: Desire Next
Apocripha/0
Apollo 11 VR Experience
Apollo Justice: Ace Attorney
Appare! Gateball
Appare! Shogi Jiisan
Apple Town Monogatari
Appleseed
Appleseed EX
Aqua Aqua
Aqua GT
Aqua Kids
Aqua Kitty: Milk Mine Defender DX
Aqua Panic!
Aqua Paradise: Boku no Suizokukan
Aqua Teen Hunger Force Zombie Ninja Pro-Am
Aqua World: Umibi Monogatari
AquaLife
AquaNox: The Angel's Tears
AquaPazza: AquaPlus Dream Match
AquaZone
AquaZone Option Disk Series 1: Angel Fish
AquaZone Option Disk Series 2: Black Molly
AquaZone Option Disk Series 3: Blue Emperor
AquaZone Option Disk Series 4: Clown Loach
AquaZone Option Disk Series 5: False Rummy-Nose
AquaZone: Desktop Life
AquaZone: Life Simulator
Aquaman: Battle for Atlantis
Aquanaut no Kyuujitsu 2
Aquanaut no Kyuujitsu: Memories of Summer 1996
Aquanaut's Holiday
Aquanaut's Holiday: Kakusareta Kiroku
Aquarian Age: Tokyo Wars
Aquarium by DS
Ar nosurge Plus: Ode to an Unborn Star
Ar nosurge: Ode to an Unborn Star
Ar tonelico II: Melody of Metafalica
Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel
Ar tonelico: Melody of Elemia
Arabian Nights
Arabians Doubt
Arabians Lost
Arabians Lost & Doubt Twin Pack
Aragami
Araiguma Rascal: Raccoon Rascal
Arashi no Yoruni
Arasuji de Kitaeru Sokumimi no Susume DS
Arasuji de Oboeru Sokudoku no Susume DS
Arc Arena
Arc Rise Fantasia
Arc the Lad
Arc the Lad Collection
Arc the Lad II
Arc the Lad III
Arc the Lad: End of Darkness
Arc the Lad: Twilight of the Spirits
Arcade 3D
Arcade Archives: Darius
Arcade Classic No. 1: Asteroids / Missile Command
Arcade Classic No. 2: Centipede / Millipede
Arcade Classic No. 3: Galaga / Galaxian
Arcade Classic No. 4: Defender / Joust
Arcade Classic Shuu
Arcade Classics
Arcade Classics: Super Breakout / Battlezone
Arcade Classics: Volume One
Arcade Hits: Moon Cresta
Arcade Hits: Raiden
Arcade Hits: Soukyuugurentai
Arcade Party Pak
Arcade Shooter: Ilvelo
Arcade Shooting Gallery
Arcade Smash Hits
Arcade USA
Arcade Zone
Arcana
Arcana Famiglia 2
Arcana Famiglia: Festa Regalo
Arcana Famiglia: La storia della Aracana Famiglia
Arcana Famiglia: La storia della Aracana Famiglia - Ancora
Arcana Famiglia: Vascello Phantasma no Majutsushi
Arcana Heart
Arcana Heart 3
Arcana Heart 3: LOVEMAX!!!!!
Arcana Strikes
Arcania: Gothic 4
Arcania: The Complete Tale
Arch Rivals
Arch Rivals: A Basket Brawl!
Archer MacLean's Super Dropzone
Archer Maclean's 3D Pool
Archer Maclean's Mercury
Archon
Arcobaleno!
Arcobaleno! Portable
Arctic
Arctic Tale
Arctic Thunder
Arcus 1-2-3
Arcus Odyssey
Ardy Lightfoot
Are You Alice?
Are You Smarter Than A 5th Grader?
Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader: Make the Grade
Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader? Back to School
Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader? Make the Grade
Are You Smarter than a 5th Grader?
Are You Smarter than a 5th Grader? Game Time
Are! Mo Kore? Mo Momotarou
Area 51
Arena Football
Arena Football: Road to Glory
Arena: Maze of Death
Aretha
Aretha II
Aretha II: Ariel no Fushigi na Tabi
Aretha III
Aretha the Super Famicom
Argos no Juujiken
Argos no Senshi
Argus
Aria: The Natural ~Tooi Yume no Mirage~
Aria: The Origination ~Aoi Hoshi no El Cielo~
Ark of Time
Arkana Senki Ludo
Arkanoid
Arkanoid DS
Arkanoid II
Arkanoid Returns
Arkanoid: Doh It Again
Arkista's Ring
Arle no Bouken: Mahou no Jewel
ArmaGallant: Decks of Destiny
Armada
Armada F/X Racers
Armadillo
Armana no Kiseki
Armed Fighter
Armed and Dangerous
Armen Noir
Armen Noir Portable
Armin Van Buuren: In The Mix
Armor Ambush
Armor Battle
Armor..Attack
Armored Core
Armored Core 2
Armored Core 2: Another Age
Armored Core 3
Armored Core 3 Portable
Armored Core 4
Armored Core V
Armored Core: For Answer
Armored Core: Formula Front
Armored Core: Formula Front - Extreme Battle
Armored Core: Last Raven
Armored Core: Last Raven Portable
Armored Core: Master of Arena
Armored Core: Nexus
Armored Core: Nine Breaker
Armored Core: Project Phantasma
Armored Core: Silent Line Portable
Armored Core: Verdict Day
Armored Encounter! / Sub Chase!
Armorines: Project S.W.A.R.M.
Arms
Arms' Heart
Army Corps of Hell
Army Men
Army Men 2
Army Men 3D
Army Men Advance
Army Men Gold: Collector's Edition
Army Men World War: Final Front
Army Men World War: Team Assault
Army Men: Air Attack
Army Men: Air Attack 2
Army Men: Air Combat
Army Men: Air Combat - The Elite Missions
Army Men: Green Rogue
Army Men: Major Malfunction
Army Men: Operation Green
Army Men: RTS
Army Men: Sarge's Heroes
Army Men: Sarge's Heroes 2
Army Men: Sarge's War
Army Men: Soldiers of Misfortune
Army Men: Turf Wars
Army Men: World War
Army Men: World War - Land, Sea, Air
Army Rescue
Army of Two
Army of Two: The 40th Day
Army of Two: The Devil's Cartel
Arnold Palmer Tournament Golf
Around The World in 50 Games
Around the World in 80 Days
Arrow Flash
Arslan Senki
Arslan: The Warriors of Legend
Art Academy
Art Academy: Home Studio
Art Academy: Lessons for Everyone
Art Alive
Art Camion Geijutsuden
Art Camion Sugorokuden
Art Master
Art of Fighting
Art of Fighting 2
Art of Fighting 3: The Path of the Warrior
Art of Fighting Anthology
Artelius
Arthur and the Invisibles
Arthur and the Revenge of Maltazard
Arthur to Astaroth no Nazo-Makai-Mura: Incredible Toons
Arthur! Ready to Race
Arthur's Absolutely Fun Day!
Artillery Duel
Artist Tool
Arubarea no Otome ~Uruwashi no Seishikitachi~
Arx Fatalis
Asahi Shinbun Rensai Katou Hifumi Kudan Shogi Shingiryuu
Asaki, Yumemishi
Asameshimae Nyanko
Ashen
Ashes Cricket 2009
Ashita no Joe
Ashita no Joe 2: The Anime Super Remix
Ashita no Joe Touchi: Typing Namida Hashi
Ashita no Joe: Masseki ni Moe Agare!
Ashita no Joe: Masshiro ni Moe Tsukiro!
Asmik-Kun Land
Asmik-kun World 2
Asoberu Eigo: Word Magic DS
Asobi ni Iku yo! Chikyuu Pinchi no Konyaku Sengen
Ason de Chinou Up
Ason de Wakaru - The Party Casino
Asonde Aiueo
Asonde Igo ga Sara ni Tsuyokunaru: Ginsei Igo DS Chuukyuuhen
Asonde Igo ga Tsuyoku naru!! Ginsei Igo DS
Asonde Kazu Suuji
Asonde Shogi ga Kyoukunaru! Kane Hoshi Shogi DX
Asonde Shogi ga Tsuyoku naru!! Ginsei Shogi DS
Asphalt 3D
Asphalt: Injection
Asphalt: Urban GT
Asphalt: Urban GT 2
Aspic: Mahebiou no Noroi
Assassin's Creed
Assassin's Creed Anthology
Assassin's Creed Chronicles
Assassin's Creed Double Pack
Assassin's Creed II
Assassin's Creed II: Complete Edition
Assassin's Creed II: Discovery
Assassin's Creed III
Assassin's Creed III: Liberation
Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag
Assassin's Creed IV: Jackdaw Edition
Assassin's Creed Origins
Assassin's Creed Rogue
Assassin's Creed Syndicate
Assassin's Creed Unity
Assassin's Creed: Altair's Chronicles
Assassin's Creed: Bloodlines
Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood
Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - The Da Vinci Edition
Assassin's Creed: Connor Saga
Assassin's Creed: Ezio Saga
Assassin's Creed: Ezio Trilogy
Assassin's Creed: Heritage Collection
Assassin's Creed: Revelations
Assassin's Creed: Revelations - Ottoman Edition
Assassin's Creed: The Americas Collection
Assassin's Creed: The Ezio Collection
Assault
Assault City
Assault Rigs
Assault Suit Leynos
Assault Suit Leynos 2
Assault Suits Valken
Assault Suits Valken 2
Assault: Retribution
Assetto Corsa
Astal
Astebreed
Asterix
Asterix & Obelix
Asterix & Obelix Contre Cesar
Asterix & Obelix Take on Caesar
Asterix & Obelix XXL
Asterix & Obelix XXL 2: Mission: Wifix
Asterix & Obelix XXL2: Mission: Las Vegum
Asterix & Obelix: Kick Buttix
Asterix & Obelix: Paf! Par Toutatis!
Asterix Brain Trainer
Asterix and the Great Rescue
Asterix and the Power of the Gods
Asterix and the Secret Mission
Asterix at the Olympic Games
Asterix: Auf Der Suche Nach Idefix
Asterix: Mega Madness
Asterix: The Mansions of the Gods
Asterix: These Romans Are Crazy!
Asteroid Fire
Asteroids
Asteroids Hyper 64
Astonishia Story
Astra Superstars
Astral Bout
AstralAir no Shiroki Eien: White Eternity
Astro Boy
Astro Boy: Omega Factor
Astro Boy: The Video Game
Astro Chase
Astro Fang: Super Machine
Astro Invaders
Astro Kyuudan: Kessen!! Victory Kyuudanhen
Astro Rabby
Astro Robo Sasa
Astro Warrior
Astro Warrior & Pit Pot
Astroblast
Astrology
Astrology DS: The Stars In Your Hands
Astronoka
Astrosmash
Astyanax
Asuka 120% Excellent: Burning Fest. Excellent
Asuka 120% Final: Burning Fest. Final
Asuka 120% Limited: Burning Fest. Limited
Asuka 120% Maxima: Burning Fest. Maxima
Asuka 120% Special: Burning Fest Special
Asuncia: Matsue no Jubaku
Asura's Wrath
Atama de Do! Kotenko Kotenko
Atama ga Yoku Naru - The Me no Training
Atama no Kaiten no Training: Rubik's Cube & Chou Yuumei Puzzle Tachi
Atama o Kitaete Asobu Taisen Yajirushi Puzzle: Puppyinu Vector One
Atari Anniversary Advance
Atari Anniversary Edition
Atari Anniversary Edition Redux
Atari Anthology
Atari Classics Evolved
Atari Flashback Classics: Volume 1
Atari Flashback Classics: Volume 2
Atari Greatest Hits Volume 1
Atari Greatest Hits Volume 2
Atari Karts
Atari Masterpieces Vol. I
Atari Masterpieces Vol. II
Atari Video Cube
Atelier Annie: Alchemists of Sera Island
Atelier Ayesha Plus: The Alchemist of Dusk
Atelier Ayesha: The Alchemist of Dusk
Atelier Escha & Logy Plus: Alchemists of the Dusk Sky
Atelier Escha & Logy: Alchemists of the Dusk Sky
Atelier Firis: The Alchemist and the Mysterious Journey
Atelier Iris 2: The Azoth of Destiny
Atelier Iris 3: Grand Phantasm
Atelier Iris: Eternal Mana
Atelier Lydie & Suelle: The Alchemists and the Mysterious Paintings
Atelier Marie + Elie
Atelier Meruru Plus: The Apprentice of Arland
Atelier Meruru: The Apprentice of Arland
Atelier Rorona Plus: The Alchemist of Arland
Atelier Rorona: The Alchemist of Arland
Atelier Shallie Plus: Alchemists of the Dusk Sea
Atelier Shallie: Alchemists of the Dusk Sea
Atelier Sophie: The Alchemist of the Mysterious Book
Atelier Totori Plus: The Adventurer of Arland
Atelier Totori: The Adventurer of Arland
Athena
Athena no Kateiban: Family Game
Athena ~Awakening from the ordinary life~
Athens 2004
Athletic World
Atlantic Quest
Atlantis
Atlantis III: The New World
Atlantis no Nazo
Atlantis: The Lost Continent
Atlantis: The Lost Tales
Atom Smasher
Atomic Betty
Atomic Punk
Atomic Robo-Kid
Atomic Robo-Kid Special
Atomic Runner
Atrevete a Sonar
Atsumare! GuruGuru Onsen
Atsumare! GuruGuru Onsen BB
Atsumare! Power Pro Kun no DS Koushien
Attack Animal Gakuen
Attack of the Killer Demos
Attack of the Killer Tomatoes
Attack of the Movies 3D
Attack of the Mutant Penguins
Attack of the Saucerman!
Attack of the Timelord!
Attack on Titan
Attack on Titan: Humanity in Chains
AubirdForce
AubirdForce After
Audio Hero
Aura Battler Dunbine
Aurora Quest: Otaku no Seiza in Another World
Austin Mini Racing
Austin Powers Pinball
Austin Powers: Oh, Behave!
Austin Powers: Welcome to my Underground Lair!
Australian Rugby League
Auto Crusher Palladium
Auto Destruct
Auto Modellista
Auto Racing
AutoBahn Tokio
Autobahn Polizei
Autobahn Raser IV
Autobahn Raser: Das Spiel zum Film
Automobili Lamborghini
Avalon Code
Avatar - The Last Airbender: Into the Inferno
Avatar: The Last Airbender
Avatar: The Last Airbender - The Burning Earth
Aven Colony
Avenger
Avenging Spirit
Away: Shuffle Dungeon
Awesome Golf
Awesome Possum
Awesomenauts Assemble!
Ax Battler: A Legend of Golden Axe
Axelay
Axiom Verge
Ayaka Shibito
Ayaka Shibito Portable
Ayakashi Gohan: Oomori!
Ayakashi Ninden Kunoichiban
Ayakashi Ninden Kunoichiban Plus
Ayakashi no Shiro
Ayakashibito
Ayakashibito Portable
Ayrton Senna Kart Duel
Ayrton Senna Kart Duel 2
Ayrton Senna Kart Duel Special
Ayrton Senna Personal Talk: Message for the Future
submitted by Zipdox to copypasta [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 15:37 marcoxnt93 [H] Games [W] Offers

TIER 1
ARMA 3
Age of Wonders Planetfall
Borderlands: The Handsome Collection EU
Borderlands: The Handsome Collection US
Devil May Cry 4 Special Edition
Dirt Rally 2.0 + 3 DLC
DMC:Devil May Cry
F1 2018
F1 2019 Anniversary Edition
Forts
Frostpunk
Grid ultimate edition
GoNNER BLüEBERRY EDiTION
Hellblade : Senua's Sacrifice
Hitman Absolution
Hollow Knight
Jurassic World Evolution + DLC x 2
Kerbal Space Program
Legend of Grimrock 2
Metal Gear Solid V The Phantom Pain
Middle-Earth Shadow of War
MOLEK-SYNTEZ
Outlast 2
Pathfinder Kingmaker Explorer Edition
Pro cycling manager 2019
Project CARS 2 + Japanese Cars Bonus Pack
Resident Evil 5 + DLC
Resident Evil HD
Risen
Risen 2 Gold Edition
Rise of Industry
Sigma Theory: Global Cold War
Soul Calibur 6
Supraland
Syberia 3
Tales of Berseria
The Bard’s Tale IV: Director’s Cut
The Division + DLC US
The Witness
The Jackbox Party Pack 2
The Jackbox Party Pack 4
This Is the Police 2
TRINE 2 Compete Story
Two Point Hospital
Ultimate Chicken Horse
WARHAMMER 40,000: Gladius- Relics of War
X-com 2 + DLC

TIER 2
Agents of Mayhem
American Truck Simulator
Armello x 3
Asterix Obelix XXL 2
Band of Defenders
Battle Chasers: Nightwar
Battletech x 2
Bioshock Infinite
BioShock Remastered
Book of Demons
CHAOS CODE -NEW SIGN OF CATASTROPHE-
Choice Chamber
Chess Ultra
Degrees of Separation
Dragon Age Origins
Driftland: The Magic Revival
Duke Nukem Manhattan Project
Duck Game x 2
Empire Total War
Euro Truck Simulator 2
EVOLAND
eXperience 112
Fell Seal: Arbiter’s Mark
Flying Tigers: Shadows Over China - Deluxe Edition
FTL: Advanced Edition
Grid Autosport
Gunman Tales
Kingdom Rush Frontiers
King's Bounty: Crossworlds
King’s Bounty: Warriors of the North - The Complete Edition
Looterkings
Men of War: Assault Squad 2 - War Chest Edition
Metro Last Light Redux US
MO:Astray
Neo Cab
NEOVERSE
Observer
Odyssey - The Story of Science
OF MICE AND SAND -REVISED-
Omerta Gold Edition
Opus Magnum
Overcooked
Overgrowth
Overlord II x 2
Plunge
Project Cars + Limited Edition Upgrade
Quest of Dungeons
Raiden V: Director’s Cut
Rebuild 3: Gangs of Deadsville
RiMe
Road to Guangdong - Story-Based Indie Road Trip Driving Game
Sanctuary RPG: Black Edition
Sakura Sadist
Sherlock Holmes: The Devil's Daughter
Sinking Island
Sleeping Dogs Definitive Edition
Sonic All Stars Transformed Collection
Sonic generations collection
STAR WARS Jedi Knight - Jedi Academy
STAR WARS™ Jedi Knight II - Jedi Outcast
STAR WARS The Force Unleashed Ultimate Sith Edition
Star Wars Kotor
Star Wars Kotor 2
Star Wolves 3: Civil War
Styx Master of Shadows
SUPER TIME FORCE ULTRA
Surviving Mars x 2
Titan Quest Anniversary Edition
The Gardens Between
The Messenger
The Stillness of the Wind
The Swords of Ditto: Mormo’s Curse
The Walking Dead Season 2
Train Valley 2
Trüberbrook
Turok 2: Seeds of Evil
Tropico 5
Walking Dead Season 2
Worms Clan Wars
Warhammer 40000 Gladius
WARSAW
Without Within 3


TIER 3
911 operator + Special Operator DLC
Acorn Assault: Rodent Revolution
alan wake collector edition
AI War 2
All You Can Eat
Atari Vault
Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation
Bad North: Jotunn Edition
Belladonna
Black Death
BLACKHOLE
Blitzkrieg Anthology
Bomber Crew - Deluxe Edition
Borealis
Broken Age x 2
Bunker Punks
Cally's caves 3
Capitalism 2
Cast of the Seven Godsends
Chaos Reborn
Company of Heroes 2
Contagion
Crazy Belts
Crowntakers
CryoFall
CTU: Counter Terrorism Unit
Dad Quest x 2
Darkest Dungeon: The Shieldbreaker
Dark Heritage: Guardians of Hope
Dark Strokes The Legend of the Snow Kingdom Collectors Edition
Death Squared
Deep Sky Derelicts
Deus Ex: Invisible War
Dimension Drifter
Distrust : Polar Survival
Duke Nukem Forever x 2
Dungeon Souls
Dungeon Siege II
EarthNight
Eastside Hockey Manager
Eliza
Enforcer: Police Crime Action
Epistory - Typing Chronicles
Etherborn
Etherlords I & II
Evergarden
EXAPUNKS
Extinction
Fahrenheit: Indigo Prophecy Remastered
Fallout 3
Farming World
Figment
Fire
FRAMED Collection
Garfield Kart
Gas Guzzlers Extreme
GNOG
Goat simulator
God's Trigger
Grim Legends 2: Song of the Dark Swan
Gunscape Standard Edition
Hacknet + DLC
Heave Ho
Heavy Burger
Heroes of Annihilated Empires
Hidden Object 6in1 bundle
hitman blood money
Hive Jump
HORACE
Hue
Hyperspace Invaders II: Pixel Edition
I am not a Monster
Immortal Planet
In Between
Injustice
Innerspace
Iron Fisticle
ken follet
Kingdom: Classic
Kingdom Rush
Knights of Pen & Paper 2
Laser Disco Defenders
LEGO Batman 3: Beyond Gotham
Lego harry potter 5-7
Lemuria Lost in Space
Lostwinds
Luxor 3
Luxor Evolved
Machinarium
Mages of Mystralia
Magrunner: Dark Pulse
MagiCat
Masquerade: The Baubles of Doom
Medieval Kingdom Wars
Megaman Legacy Collection
Mini Ninjas
Mini Metro
MirrorMoon EP
Momodora
MotoGP 15
MXGP - The Official Motocross Videogame
Mr. Shifty
My Memory of Us
Mystery Loss
Nba Playgrounds
Newt One
Neverending Nightmares
Niche
Niffelheim
Nightmares from the Deep: The Cursed Heart
Night Call
Odallus: The Dark Call
Of Orcs And Men
Omen Exitio: Plague
Orn the tiny forest sprite
Overload
PAC-MAN™ CHAMPIONSHIP EDITION 2
Paper Fire Rookie
Paperbark
Paradigm
Particula
Party Hard
Perfect Universe
Pickers
Pirate Pop Plus
Pixel Heroes
Phantom Doctrine
Planet Alpha
Planet of the Eyes
Post Master
Prehistoric Tales
Primal Carnage: Extinction
Q.U.B.E. 2
Rapture Rejects
Realpolitiks
Rebel Galaxy
Re-Legion
Remnants of Naezith
Rezrog
River City Ransom: Underground
Roombo: First Blood
RRRR
Sakura Gamer
Sakura Space
Sakura Cupid
Sakura Magical Girls
Sakura Shrine Girls
Sakura Agent
Sakura MMO 2
Samorost 3
Serial Cleaner
Sheltered
SHENZHEN I/O
Shoppe Keep
Shoppe Keep 2
Smoke and Sacrifice
Sonic & SEGA All-Stars Racing
Space Pilgrim Academy: Reunion
Space Moth DX
STASIS
StarCrossed
State of mind
Stealth 2: A Game of Clones
Stealth Bastard Deluxe x 2
Steamburg
Still Life 2
Strider
Stronghold HD
Stygian: Reign of the Old Ones
Super Hexagon
Super Panda Adventures
Syberia
Syberia II
System Shock: Enhanced Edition
System Shock 2
Tales from Candlekeep: Tomb of Annihilation
Teleglitch Die More Edition
Teslagrad
Time Mysteries 3: The Final Enigma
Tharsis
The Ball
The Deed
The Dwarves
The Haunted Island, a Frog Detective
The Hex
The King's Bird
The Last Door: Season 2 - Collector's Edition
The Purring Quest
There Came An Echo
The Signal From Tölva
Think of the Children
This War of Mine
Tomb Raider IV: The Last Revelation
Tomb Raider Legend
Tower of Guns
Tropico 3 Gold
Tropico 4
Tropico Trilogy
Underhero
Unrest
Valnir Rok Survival RPG
Velocity Ultra Deluxe
Vertiginous Golf
Viking Saga The Cursed Ring
VVVVVV
Warstone TD
Without Within 2
Whispers of a machine
Wings of Vi
Wizard Of Legends
WRC 7 FIA World Rally Championship
Zoo Park


TIER 4
Acceleration of SUGURI 2
Age of Wonders III
Alien Spidy
Almost There: The Platformer
A New Beginning – Final Cut
AtmaSphere
Battle vs chees
Bleed 2
Circuit Breakers
CreaVures
Cubicle Quest
Cursed Castilla
Dashing Dinos
Death Fungeon
DungeonUp x 2
Earth 2150 Trilogy
Enclave
Endless Space – Collection
Evergarden
Fight N rage
Fluffy Horde
Gloom
Gorky 17
Hacknet Deluxe Edition
Haegemonia: The Solon Heritage
HIVESWAP: Act 1
Holy Potatoes a Spy Story
Homefront
Horizon Shift
Journey of a Roach
Learn Japanese to survive Hiragana Battle
Left in the Dark: No One on Board
Leisure Suit Larry 5 - Passionate Patti Does a Little Undercover Work
Leisure Suit Larry 6 - Shape Up Or Slip Out
Little Racers STREET
Lock Parsing 2
Love is Dead
Midnight Mysteries 3: Devil on the Mississippi
Memoria
Morphblade
Moss Destruction
NAIRI: Tower of Shirin
NeuroVoider
Niche
Nostradamus: The Last Prophecy
No Time to Explain Remastered
One Finger Death Punch
OneShift
Pesterquest
Purrfect Date – Visual Novel/Dating Simulator
Raceland
Regions Of Ruin
Regular Human Basketball x 2
Rencounter
Renoir
Return to Mysterious Island
Resort Boss: Golf
Rym 9000
Sakura Spirit
Sakura Angels
Sakura Fantasy
Sakura Beach
Sakura Beach 2
Sakura MMO
Seraph
Shooting Stars!
Silence
Sky Break
Space Pilgrim Episode III: Delta Pavonis
Space Pilgrim Episode IV: Sol
Spandex Force: Champion Rising
Steel Rats
Subterrain
Super Daryl Deluxe
Sword Legacy Omen
Taxi
The Adventure Pals x 3
The Deed: Dynasty
The Emerald Maiden: Symphony of Dream
the red solstice
The Town of Light
The Spiral Scouts
The Uncertain - The Last Quiet Day
Tiny Troopers
Tracks - The Train Set Game
ttv2
Twilight City Love as a Cure
Two Worlds: Epic Edition
Tumblestone
Unhack
Unhack 2
Viking Saga New World
White Noise Online
World Keepers Last Resort
Zombie Party x 2
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2020.09.26 15:37 ordinaryoof AITA for making a joke about being the only white kid in my dance group.

So I go to school for dance like its a art school that has a dancer division. There is 4 groups per grade D C B and A. D the lowest A the highest. Im in A group last year i was in B all for marking periods. Yesterday we were just hanging out and eating lunch and one of the girls in the group was doing a back flip so me being me tried to do a back flip and ALMOST landed it but i fell onto my knees and my one friend in our group said im surprised you made it A this marking period with that back flip. I said "im in A becuase im the only white kid in this school who can dance on beat. Everyone got quite and he said dude what does your race have to do with it? I said it was a joke and changed topics. We are a group of nine we are shopemores in high school everyone else besides me is either asain or African American.
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2020.09.26 15:05 superman-ish TIFU by making an impulse buy ay Home Depot

Obligatory this happened 15 years ago. I won't tell you what I purchased until the end as it will all make sense then. I went to HD to purchase something I needed to complete a chore. As I found the item I needed and started to leave, I then spotted something that would be a nice addition to my home so I picked it up. I begin walking to the checkout area when I notice people giving me weird looks. I was like "ok, that was weird". I walk a bit further and notice even more people giving me similar looks. I was like "did I accidently wear an offensive shirt or something?" I checked, I was wearing a plain shirt. I get to the checkout line and of course the checkout girl was giving me the same looks, but said nothing and I wish I had asked what was wrong, but I just left. As I walk to me car a few more mean mugs were thrown my way. As I am just beside myself with confusion as to what everyone's issue is, I then load my purchase into my trunk and it quickly dawns on me what it was...I had purchased a GAS CAN and an AMERICAN FLAG. I was like " oh.....ooohhhhhhh...oh GOD! Suffice to say I never stepped foot into that HD ever again because I am sure I was that COMMIE that hates America that everyone talked about afterwards.

Tl;DR..I purchased items that made me look like an American hating COMMIE and did not realize it until i loaded the purchase into my car
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2020.09.26 14:13 witchscat I’m meeting my Indian boyfriend’s family over FaceTime after being kept a secret for 2 years

My sweet darling was worried he would be disowned if he told his conservative Hindu family that he fell in love with a white American girl during his PhD studies in the USA. He loves his parents dearly and didn’t know what to do.
I was patient while he battled this problem internally... and he finally was brave enough to tell them about me this past week. It went better than we expected. They said they trust his judgement as long as he’s happy and healthy. No drama. The world didn’t fall apart. They were mostly peeved that he kept a relationship secret for so long, but they don’t seem to care at all that it’s love-based, instead of arranged like they planned.
I’m going to be meeting with them over FaceTime in about 2 hours. The pressure is ON. They have very high expectations for their son. (Rightfully so, by the way- he’s an incredible person and deserves the best.)
I’m extremely nervous but also excited to meet everyone. Wish me luck!!
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2020.09.26 13:25 jemimathom 19[f4f] here I am again, had a few nibbles, good and fun and all, nice people....but looking for a bit more

So I’m 19 in Wales, lesbian princess, girly girl, just like to get hot and sticky with other girls. I love movies, nearly all sports (not American ones, wtf is that shit?) games and cooking. I’m up for anything, talk about anything, make it clean or make it dirty, I’m open to everything. Just know....men/boys.....you’re wasting your time. I don’t care about your penis, I’m not intimidated by it, it doesn’t make me horny.....indifference is the word I’m looking for. Just bear that in mind!
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2020.09.26 13:13 theworkersrights Nasrin Sotoudeh, in Iran the struggle for human right ends in hospital

It was her fortieth day on a hunger strike in Evin prison. Last week, Nasrin Sotoudeh, Iran's best-known human rights lawyer, was hospitalized with a heart attack. Her husband, Reza Khandan, made it known with a tweet, explaining that he had heard it not from the prison authorities but from the spouse of another prisoner who was able to call and relay the news.
“The authorities in Iran may try to hide Nasrin’s dangerous deterioration, but the world is watching and will hold the government responsible for her wellbeing,” said Hadi Ghaemi, the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI) executive director. Sotoudeh’s husband told CHRI, “Her heart situation is not good at all, they are banning us from visiting her and I cannot go her see her directly. “I managed to accidentally see her in the hallway as they brought her out for cardiac tests, she was in a wheelchair and I only got a momentary glance of her and she did not look well at all.” Reza Khandan told CHRI that none of her doctors will speak to him and that she is under stringent guard by security agents.
Sotoudeh is 57 years old and has two children. Physically frail, he has an iron will. While other human rights defenders have left Iran, she remained, continuing to represent student activists, Kurds, Baha'is, minors on death row, and even the so-called Revolutionary girls, who have taken off their mandatory veil waving it like a flag. Recently, the lawyer asked Europe, which awarded her the Sakharov prize in 2012, to help the protesters who took to the streets for high prices and corruption: "If the EU remains silent, the boys will disappear in prisons."
She also returned to prisons for the second time - the first was from 2010 to 2013. This time, the sentence is 38 years for "propaganda against the system" and other charges. Sotoudeh has been often compared to Mandela. Like him, even in prison, he has not stopped fighting. On 11 August, a hunger strike began against the "illegal" detention of political prisoners: for the COVID emergency, Iran authorities released tens of thousands of prisoners temporarily, but those most prominent -not only her but Narges Mohammadi, Sepideh Gholian, and many others- remain behind bars.
Although weakened, she dedicated the award that the Association of German Judges has recently awarded her to four Iranians on death row for anti-government protests: among them, Navid Afkari, then executed. Many of the American feminists who Sunday mourned the disappearance of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg were also launching appeals to save this other woman who defends justice in a country with which the United States has been in the cold war for over 40 years.
https://www.theworkersrights.com/human-rights/2020/09/26/nasrin-sotoudeh-in-iran-the-struggle-for-human-right-ends-in-hospital/
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2020.09.26 12:47 Qigong90 A 1995 Documentary on the SGI

https://culteducation.com/group/940-soka-gakkai/7650-the-chanting-millions-.html

The Chanting Millions

BBC/October 14, 1995 By Julian Pettifer

Narration as follows:
In the year we commemorate the allied victory over Japan and the terrible atrocities it revealed, we are again reminded that this is a land of puzzling contradictions. As well as ornate temples and pastoral calm, and mysticism, and pacifism, there are sudden eruptions of extreme violence.
When, this year, poison gas was released into the Tokyo subway, the shocking suspicion emerged that it was done by a religious cult that claims its roots in Buddhism. It was in the foothills of Japan's sacred Mt. Fuji that the Aum-Shinrikyo sect that stands accused of a gas-attack trained its followers. It was in Buddhist Teachings and in The Book of Revelation, grossly perverted and corrupted, the justification was somehow found for mass-murder. That is the charge that faces the charismatic leader of Aum, Shoko Asahara, when he shortly goes on trial.
The Aum-case raises many concerns that have come up in foreign relation to other cults around the world. But it also poses questions that are peculiar to Japan. Above all, the Aum case calls into question of law the status and the influence of the vast number of other religious groups. Believe it or not, in Japan, today, there are roughly 241,000 officially registered religious organizations. Most of them are very small, but some are big and powerful. But with ten million followers, is by far the biggest, Soka Gakkai.

Soka Gakkai Activities

Soka Gakkai is much more than a religious organization. It's a wide spread social and political movement, highly disciplined, some say dangerous. Head of Soka Gakkai since 1960 is Daisaku Ikeda.
Ikeda is the great cultural and, for his supporters, spiritual leader. Another view says he's a bully with a lust for power.
INTERVIEW WITH IKEDA: I'm a common, serious-minded man. The mass-media ..., with the exception of the BBC, make up this image of me as a dictator, and so forth. This troubles me.
Common men, however serious, do not find themselves as Mr. Ikeda frequently does, in the company of international elite that includes the likes of Mrs.Thatcher. He's frequently photographed with royalty, prime ministers and presidents. When president Mandella came recently to Japan on a state visit, his only private audience was with Mr. Ikeda. Why is a man who has never held public office found in such company? He has access to great wealth, but is that enough? Since powerful people seek the company of other powerful people, what does that tell us about Mr. Ikeda?
INTERVIEW WITH POLITICAL COMMENTATER MR. MINORU MORITA: I don't think anyone has more power in Japan than Ikeda. No one.
FOUNDATION OF IKEDA'S POWER -- TAISEKIJI-TEMPLE OF NICHIREN SHOSHU
This is the foundation of Mr. Ikeda's power. S.G. was the lay- organization founded to support Nichiren Shoshu Buddhism, a 700 year-old sect. These followers of a 13th century Japanese monk, are considered heretical by main-stream Buddhist's.
Central to their belief is the power of chanting, that by the invocational recitation of the words "Nam'-myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo" almost anything can be achieved. S. G. took these ancient simple beliefs and marketed them with astounding success. It may look spiritual, but S.G. is all about practical things. That includes personal wealth and political power. It's in Japan's cities that Soka Gakkai gained most of its support. In the post war years, it grew rapidly, and it's thought to have had special appeal for a defeated and disillusioned generation. The faithful are expected to chant daily, to donate generously to Soka Gakkai funds, and to recruit new members.
INTERVIEW WITH S.G. MEMBERS IN KAWASAKI CITY, SOUTH OF TOKYO
In the city of Kawasaki, south of Tokyo, Soka Gakkai has devoted support from the Umezawa family, who own a small chain of beauty parlors. Apart from the father of the family, all the others, son, daughters and inlaws are in the business. First to join Soka Gakkai was Mrs. Umezawa. Not only she converted the rest of the family, but between them, they've introduced 112 other families to the practice of daily chanting. Now retired Mr. Umezawa sometimes chants for 5 hours a day. He and his family have no doubt that the growth of their business and other good fortune is entirely due to regular practice of this ritual. They faithfully pay their dues to Soka Gakkai, and according to Mrs. Umezawa, their loyalty and their chanting is rewarded.
MRS. YOSHIE UMEZAWA: We were always short of money. Although we worked very hard, things were tough. Now we travel abroad without any financial difficulty.
It's not only to make money that the Umezawas practice their daily chanting.
MR. TADASHI UMEZAWA: When my wife was pregnant, we talked about an abortion because I didn't want any more daughters. Soka Gakkai members told me that if I practiced hard, we might have a son. We chanted, and as a result, we had a son!
No doubt, Soka Gakkai has many satisfied members. But some feel betrayed, sensing that their loyalty, and their money, and their votes have been exploited to serve the political ambitions of Mr. Ikeda. He founded his own political party in 1964, and although it's been partially dissolved, suspicions remain, some of them, expressed at this protest meeting of former Soka Gakkai members.
KEIGO OUCHI (Member of Parliament at a meeting of AVSG - Association of Victims of Soka Gakkai): Mr. Ikeda often says he will take over Japanese politics and become the real leader of the Government.
Although Soka Gakkai has taken steps to sever former links with its political party, it still commands a block vote to use as it wishes.
INTERVIEW WITH POLITICAL COMMENTATOR, MR. MINORU MORITA: Soka Gakkai is able to mobilize 6 million votes. These 6 million votes represent more than ten per cent of the electorate. Mr. Ikeda, as the head of S.G. has a strong influence over the political world.
Of 700 disgruntled former members here (at the meeting), many complain of how Soka Gakkai extracted money from them.
HIROHISA MASUDA (Former S.G. member): In 1982, when my grandfather died and we inherited his property, members of Soka Gakkai came, repeatedly, and demanded contributions. They wanted 10 million yen (U.S. $100,000). In the end we gave them 5 million yen.
Of course, Soka Gakkai justifies all of its money raising activities.
INTERVIEW WITH IKEDA: We want to promote a good religion. Religion is a metaphysical concept, but it needs to be advertised like any good product.
ADVERTISEMENT OF SOKA GAKKAI (S.G.I. PR video-tape): Soka Gakkai has gloriously embarked on its voyage toward the 70th anniversary of its founding. The Soka family throughout the world will continue to advance cheerfully and harmoniously in its Kosen-Rufu activities day and night, widening the current of Buddhism among the people throughout the universe, heralding the era of peace and freedom.
Yes, Soka Gakkai is now international. In the U.K. this is its lavish headquarters used by some 8,000 members. But in the U.S. and notably in California, Soka Gakkai has greater success, claiming some 150,000 adherents. But it's also been much criticized and even classified as a dangerous cult.
FRANK ROSS (Former S.G.I. leader): I think by anybody's definition of a cult, if someone's life is completely controlled by an individual or an organization, that would certainly fit into the category of a cult. When I was in S.G.I., I would have died for Ikeda. And I know hundreds of people that felt the same way.
AL ALBERGATE (SGI-USA Public relations director): I reject categorically the idea that we are a dangerous cult, because to me that would imply a pseudo religion that exists mainly to take advantage of people, whether financially or psychologically, and I know in my 28 years in the organization, we have never done that.
In America too, there are certainly satisfied customers. Among the affluent, who have seaside homes at Malibu, are those who believe that chanting has brought them health, wealth and happiness, and spread the word among their friends and neighbours.
NEIL STEVENS (S.G.I. member) (Note: At a discussion meeting): I'd like to welcome everyone. We're going to chant, what we call morning evening gongyo...
Neil Stevens is an investment banker. He and his wife, Lynn, hold weekly meetings, where they introduce new comers to the practice of chanting.
(Scene of members chanting.)
For some newcomers, chanting in a foreign tongue seems odd. (Shot of woman sitting on couch at meeting, rolling her eyes as she looks on in disbelief, looking as if she wants to bolt out the door any second.) But believers are keen to extol the reward and the enlightenment it brings.
INTERVIEW WITH MR. AND MRS.STEVENS:
LYNN: (Gushing tears) I thank, I thank everyday, the girl that introduced this practice to me, 'cause it changed my life. I have such a beautiful husband, a beautiful daughter. When I had, lost three little babies....and I had such, uh, oh, I don't know...I had so much fortune, but yet, that doesn't guarantee that you are going to be happy. And I was able to, ummm, uh tap into the joy in my life, and change such poison into medicine, and make all my dreams come true, and I really have.
NEIL: (Tears smeared on his face) So then Katy's got me going on this doing the Nam-myo-ho-ren-ge-kyo thing, and, uhh, it really empowered me to create, uhh, pretty much my business dream, the beginning of it, anyway, and, uhh, really helped us push it through, uhh, when we had, you know, tremendous obstacles.
AL ALBERGATE: The actual practice of Buddhism is very accessible to everybody. Because there's a very simple formula and a daily practice, plus the idea that you tap so directly into your Buddha nature, your life condition, that you can actually see results in your daily life.
DIANE HONEYMAN-BLOEDIE (Former S.G.I. member): It turned my life into a living hell, basically. I was miserable!
INTERVIEWER: Why principally?
DIANE: Mostly because of my husband. They manipulated my husband into becoming a totally different person. He was not the person I fell in love, and married, and wanted to spend the rest of my life with. He became totally obsessed; was never home. They had him going 24 hours a day. And he was hell to live with.
AL ALBERGATE: If we put pressure on each other, it was only so that we could, duh, move forward and advance as a religious organization in this country it was not..., primary, our idea was never to take people's money.
DIANE HONEYMAN-BLOEDIE: As I was walking out the building, one of the "Women's Division leaders said, "Did you make a contribution today?" and I said, "No, I don't have any money to make a contribution. I have 5 dollars in my purse" (She said), "You should give that $5." (I said,) "It's Tuesday. I don't get paid until Friday. I have to buy milk." She said, "If you give the $5 today, it'll come back to you in a much bigger way." So I said, "So you're telling me, I shouldn't buy milk for my 18 month old daughter and I should give the $5 to you?" and she said, "Yeah." and I said, "No."
AL ALBERGATE: Some of our members and leaders, although sincere, were over-zealous. And, basically, about 5 years ago, we just put an end to most specific targets and just decided that the best way to go was to just help people practice Buddhism, and as their own personal circumstances improve in society, as they feel appreciation for this Buddhism, then they will donate.
DIANE HONEYMAN-BLOEDIE: We're their little worker bees. We're collecting all their little money, all their little honey for them, and we gladly give it over. You know, I just... My feeling was that they just think we're stupid. And if we're promised that we can get anything we want, that if we can get instant gratification, which is sort of the American way, we're gonna go for it. So that's how they pass it off. You want a car? Chant! You want a better job? Chant! You want more money? Chant!
INTERVIEWER (to Al): It occurs to me that one of the attractions, perhaps, of your particular type of Buddhism is that it does promise practical benefits.
AL ALBERGATE: That's correct. And I think that's very attractive to many people. Maybe more so Americans. We're sort of, err, an instant microwave kind of culture, and I'm sure that appeals to many, I know it appeals to many people.
INTERVIEWER: Is it somewhat dangerous, though, that if you expect it to work miracles in your life, that if you expect the Porche tomorrow, that you're going to be disappointed, and that you may think the religion has failed you?
AL ALBERGATE: Yes, that's true. It is a problem if we don't take the time to help people really study the profundity of Buddhism and to understand it's not about Porsches and cars and things like that. These are nice incidentals that might come your way as a result of a higher life condition and your increased ability to work and perform your daily life. But we have to teach that, after all, the idea is to become an enlightened human being, with or without a nice car.
FRANK ROSS: People are approached from the standpoint of doing something for their personal lives, and, little by little, they are told that the only way they can advance their personal lives is to advance the organization. Once you've made that connection, that advancing the organization is advancing your personal life, then they have total control over you. So, watching the people who have been abused over time and just fleeced, you know, year in and year out for money, that certainly is a horrible form of abuse.
INTERVIEWER: But you were one of the abusers?
FRANK ROSS: Yes, I certainly was. But at that time, I didn't realize that it was abuse. I was part of that operation, and we thought that no matter what people did for the organization, it would be good for them.
If that's the way it is in the United States, how much greater is the money making machine in Japan?
Soka Gakkai means "value creating society" and essentially it peddles another one of those familiar "Samuel Smile's Recipes For Self-improvement." While other philosophies suggest the ultimate values of "truth" and "goodness," Soka Gakkai contends that happiness lies also in profit, and it's something the organization itself is very good at.
PROF. HIROHISA KITANO (Professor of law at Nihon University): Nobody knows actually how rich Soka Gakkai is. Experts estimate Soka Gakkai has more than 1,000 properties throughout Japan with total assets of more than 10,000 billion yen (125 billion U.S. dollars).
In the wake of the Kobe earthquake, S.G. used its money raising skills to great effect. Special appeals were launched and Soka Gakkai membership responded with extra donations, on top of those they routinely make. More than a dozen fund raising drives have supported U.N. relief activities for refugees, and numerous exhibitions have been mounted to promote Mr. Ikeda's good works.
DAISAKU IKEDA: Religion can be compared to mother earth. We must cultivate the earth in order to bring forth plants and flowers. The promotion of peace, education, and culture is a fundamental role for religion.
This is the Tokyo Soka Elementary school, part of an integrated system of private schools ranging from kindergarten to university, founded by Daisaku Ikeda. Today, the children celebrate the Tanabata Festival. These are the wish trees decked out with wish paper streamers. Each one carrying a child's wishes and dreams. Almost all of the children are from Soka Gakkai families.
HIDETO IIJIMA (Soka Elementary School, 2nd grade): I am Hideto lijima, a second-year pupil. I want to become a millionaire so that I can help the poor by giving them my money.
Like the elementary school, the Soka High School is four times over-subscribed. No religion is taught here. But the children are certainly well versed in the achievements and importance of their school's founder, Mr. Ikeda.
MITSUKO YAKANI (Soka High School student): He has a philosophy based on humanism for the education. He is also a poet, and he is like, I feel very warm meeting him. He's like, I feel like he's like my father.
DAIGO KURAISUKO (Soka High School student): If you compare, compared to other schools, I found my friends, friends much brighter, and...
INTERVIEWER: Much brighter? Really?
DAIGO KURAISUKO: Brighter. Yes. And...they know why they're studying. Because they have dream.
Mr. Ikeda's biggest and most powerful dream machine is another one of his creations. Seikyo Shimbun, Soka Gakkai's newspaper, is part of a large publishing empire, and has a daily circulation of 5,500,000. It's virtually compulsory reading for Soka members, as it carries a regular column by the leader, as well as promoting, in its own words, the movement for peace and culture. The paper is extremely profitable, making more than 60 million pounds a year. It has its own special view of the world and is not averse to tidying up the picture to match the Soka version of reality.
From the cradle to the grave, Soka Gakkai cares for its members. In a country of many religions, it's always been the Buddhists of Japan who have looked after the "here-after." This has worked very much to the financial benefit of Soka Gakkai. In partnership with the Mitsubishi Bank, a country- wide chain of cemeteries has been constructed, complete with piped Mozart, and with thousands of plots, all of them sold.
In Japan, it's believed that the spirits of the ancestors care for the living, and so strong emotional bonds are expressed in the way the living remember and treat the dead. This means there's great pressure to purchase a suitable and expensive memorial, and to tend it diligently.
This deep sense of duty to the ancestors appears to be useful to Soka Gakkai in its dealings with members and employees.
JIRO OSHIKO (Former S.G. official): I was forced to buy a cemetery plot in Hokkaido (The northern-most island of Japan). I live in Ohmiya, a suburb of Tokyo. So, there was no need to buy a cemetery plot in a remote place like the island of Hokkaido. I was not allowed to pay for the plot in cash. I was, to some extent, coerced to take out a loan with Mitsubishi Bank. The bank calculated my monthly payments. And, in the end, I think I finished up having to pay twice the normal amount.
PROF. KITANO: The Mitsubishi Group is a major (business) concern. Before the war, Mitsubishi was even more powerful. Today the Mitsubishi Bank is Soka Gakkai's main bank. There are strong ties between them.
An investigation into Soka Gakkai's gravestone business was triggered by the discovery of the yen equivalent of 1.2 million (U.S.) dollars in a safe discarded in a scrap yard.
PROF. KITANO: A top member of Soka Gakkai said it was his own, personal money, and that it had no connection with Soka Gakkai. The tax office thought it strange, and they started a full-scale investigation.
MINORU MORITA (Political Commentator): Contributions to Japanese religious organizations are not subject to either taxation or inspection. They are free to collect and spend money as they choose.
In the shadow of Mt.Fuji, there is spectacular evidence of how Soka Gakkai spent some of its vast wealth. They constructed here a complex that included halls, guest houses, shrines, and a structure that's the largest temple in Asia, and possibly the largest in the world. This is where the Nichiren Shoshu priesthood tended to the spiritual needs of the Soka Gakkai faithful. But not any longer, following a long running power struggle between Ikeda and the priesthood. He and the entire Soka Gakkai membership were excommunicated. Since 1992, the temple has been off limits, and the war of words continues.
REV. KOGAKU AKIMOTO (Nichiren-Shoshu Bureau of Religious Affairs): Our High Priest had talks with (gave guidance to) Soka Gakkai. They refused to change their ways, and we had to excommunicate them.
DAISAKU IKEDA: They mercilessly excommunicated us without any real reason. Simply because they had enough money and no longer needed us. There has been no worse incident in Buddhist history than this. They treated the believers like slaves. It was like religion in medieval times.
INTERVIEWER: And you see yourself like Luther, reforming the church and bringing it away from the corruption of Rome?
DAISAKU IKEDA: Yes, it's the same thing. History is repeating itself. It's just like Luther. I am proud of it.
Mr. Ikeda's role as a thinker, rivaling Martin Luther, is enhanced by Soka University, which he founded in 1971, which is now regarded as one of Japan's more successful seats of learning, and one of the fastest growing. It's already linked to a sister campus in California, and soon to be joined by a second. Thanks to lavish endowment, the pangs of recession have scarcely been felt here. The department of bio- engineering has recently opened and a new building program will make room for more faculties and departments that feature in the founder's vision of the future. In the university prospectus is a fullsome account of the founders life and works, pointing out that he has tirelessly devoted his life to promoting peace, culture and education by establishing numerous cultural and educational institutions. It also lists his honorary doctorates and professorships from around the world -- over 40 of them, and his national decorations, and other major awards, and major publications in English. There's also a translation of the founding spirit of the university, penned, of course, by Mr. Ikeda. -- "Be the highest seat of learning for humanistic education, be the cradle of a new culture, be the fortress for the peace of mankind."
One of Ikeda's major publications in English is titled "Choose Life."
It's a dialogue with the late Arnold J. Toynbee, distinguished British historian, and grandfather of Polly Toynbee.
POLLY TOYNBEE (Journalist): It's hard to imagine here, but the name "Toynbee," in Japan, is still extraordinarily influential. Not just in the academic world and in the political world, but the students still read his books, because he is this prophet of the rise of the Pacific Basin and the power of the Pacific.
STEVE GORE (Former SGI employee): Ikeda went to London, England to have a series of dialogues with a noted British historian, ArnoId Toynbee, and we were part of the entourage traveling in a capacity as a liaison agent, but also in the ever presence, our job was to jump on a bomb, or in front of a bullet, or in front of a knife in case this man was attacked by some fanatical, unhappy person.
DAISAKU IKEDA: Dr. Toynbee welcomed me like his own son. Our talks were intense and at a very high Ievel. We had to change interpreters twice.
For the Soka faithful, the book is almost Holy Writings. Years after Prof. Toynbee's death, and to their great surprise, Polly Tynbee and her husband were invited to visit Mr. Ikeda in Japan.
POLLY TOYNBEE: Everything that we did was formal; huge, formal gatherings; meetings, with different people; meetings with the women of Soka Gakkai; meetings with different groups, people associated in their minds with my grandfather in some way or another, and we found it very oppressive; very alarming; and certainly by the time it came to the meeting with him, by then we had formed a very clear idea of this extraordinary, militarily run organization. Phenomenal power, wealth, and a sinister level of obedience.
INTERVIEWER: Did you get any impression of Ikeda, "the great spiritual leader"?
POLLY TOYNBEE: I think it would be hard to imagine a less spiritual man. He was in every way earthy. A powerful megalomania; we got this aura of power from him that was extremely alarming. We then went, on another day with him, to some huge Nuremberg style rally in a stadium, where everything was to the greater worship of him. And again, what he really liked was this feeling of power.
Power and the trappings of power. This palace is the Japanese government's official guest house, where its most important visitors are housed. Recently, the press was summoned here for a photo-call to witness the presentation to Pres. Nelson Mandela of an honorary degree by Daisaku Ikeda. Throughout the ceremony, Mr.Ikeda appeared to be on the most intimate terms with the distinguished visitor.
DAISAKU IKEDA: We first met five years ago. It was a very warm occasion. He had read my book in jail. He said we should foster our friendship for the rest of my life.
POLLY TOYNBEE: What he did with my grandfather he has done time and time again with distinguished people all over the world, who haven't a clue who he is, or what he is, and just imagine that he is an important and serious Japanese leader. And so they agree to have a meeting with him, and out of perhaps one meeting comes the impression that it's a very close and important relationship, and that this person has given their full support to Ikeda and his movement.
As founder of Soka-University, Mr. Ikeda has been able to confer honorary degrees on many of Japan's most eminent visitors. When Mr. Gobechav was so rewarded, it was another splendid opportunity with Ikeda at center stage -- friend of the powerful and patron of the arts.
Among Ikeda's more grandiose ventures in his cultural crusade is the establishment of two major museums of art. This one (Tokyo Fuji Art Museum) houses 5,000 works, including paintings by many of the greatest European masters, from all the principle periods and schools, up to the present day. Although there are fine paintings here, experts regard it as a curiously mixed bag, which may be explained, in part, by the way it was put together. When Mr. Ikeda went shopping in the art galleries of Europe, he didn't waste time on second thoughts or second opinions.
STEVE GORE: The rapidness at which Ikeda would walk through the galleries impressed me. He would spend maybe 4 to 6 minutes in each gallery. He would point and utter these commands. The names of the works, the prices and the catalog, everything was written down. Several hours later, one of the general secretaries would come back with the briefcase full of money. If the man was willing to meet for the bulk price - - the 3, 4 or 6 pieces from his gallery -- he was given the cash. I found it amazing to see how fast one man could spend so much money.
Very serious questions have been asked on how so much money was spent on certain works of art, and where the money went. Here at the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo, negotiations allegedly took place, in 1989, for the purchase of two French impressionist paintings that are now in the Soka Gakkai collection. Tax authorities became suspicious, because both Soka Gakkai and Mitsubishi claimed to have purchased the same paintings, on the same day, in the same place, but at a different price.
Tax investigators could find no trace of two French nationals who supposedly sold the two Renoir paintings to Mitsubishi. It appears to have been a double sale of the paintings in which 11 million (U.S.) dollars went astray -- simply disappeared.
Japanese newspapers suggest that the money probably finished-up in a political "slush-fund," and that Soka Gakkai is more interested in pedaling political influence than it is in French impressionism.
DAISAKU IKEDA: Our museum bought the Renoir masterpieces for a very high price, but I knew nothing about it. If there is a scandal, people always blame me.
No one was really made the scape-goat, although the authorities raided the premises of art dealers to discover who did sell the paintings, and to whom. And although they confiscated documents, and although Mitsubishi was ticked- off for dealing in antiques without a license, and although inquiries went on for months by official agencies and the press, nothing was resolved.
PROF. KITANO: Without finding what happened to the money, the Japanese tax office stopped their investigation. We believe that this was the result of strong political pressure by Soka Gakkai.
DAISAKU IKEDA: They can say or write what they like. They won't imprison me, or kill me with poison-gas. But I am concerned at the way the mass media becomes emotional and prejudiced. This can hinder democracy and human rights.
To make sure that its members are not corrupted by hostile media, Soka Gakkai has its own communications network to spread the word to 1,000 meeting halls and cultural centers. This can be of great value when it comes to election time.
Last year, Soka Gakkai's own party, Komei, was partially merged to form a new party, Shinshin-to (New Frontier Party [NFP]). Recently, elections for the Upper House were the first real test of its strength. The voter turn-out was the lowest in recent history, benefiting the party that could best deliver the votes. The results sent shock-waves through the political circles, with the new party winning 40 seats, thanks to the Soka Gakkai vote, and that must have profound implications for Mr. Ikeda.
INTERVIEWER: As Shinshin-to, it must stand a reasonable chance, does it not, of being actually elected and forming a government?
IKEDA: I am placed in a very difficult position. If I say yes, then people might slacken their efforts. If I say no, some people may lose confidence. And so, I must say, maybe yes, and maybe no.
PROF. KITANO: Although Soka Gakkai calls itself a religious body, in reality, it's Ikeda's political organization. Ikeda's aim is to use Soka Gakkai to take over Japanese politics and the civil service.
If we conclude from all the evidence that Soka Gakkai is not quite the great force for peace and harmony and human happiness that it claims to be, does that really matter except to a number of hurt and angry individuals? For surely, the Aum- Shinrikyo case tells us that it does matter. What that bizarre story reveals is a dangerous weakness in the Japanese Constitution that leaves it virtually powerless to deal with the religious organizations. The constitution imposed on Japan by the United States, at the end of World War II, guarantees freedom from state interference with religious groups, and that provision protects their tax exempt status. Now, unless changes are made to the law, they will continue to use, or misuse, their great wealth as they will. Changes to the Religious Corporation Law could check the secret use of funds that, in the Aum-Shinrikyo case, were used to develop chemical weapons. Such reforms are now before Japan's legislatures. If they become law, they could curb the power of all religious groups, including Soka Gakkai.
In a recent development, Japan's Justice Minister announced his resignation following allegations that in a secret deal with the opposition, Shinshin-to party, he would agree to obstruct his own government's efforts to make religious organizations more accountable. The name of Soka Gakkai, through its support of Shinshin-to is bound to be linked to the scandal.
The Japanese public is well aware that if recent election results are repeated in a general election, Shinshin-to could take the reign of the government. And where then, would the real power lie? "
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2020.09.26 12:26 IchBinKeinRoboter69 Voice acting bad, subtitles good

Dubbing kills all the atmosphere in a film or TV show.
Try to imagine how ridiculous would sound Walter White speaking in perfect Italian while dealing with toothless meth-heads who speak with crystal clear pronunciation.
Or what about John Wayne riding a horse in the prairies of Texas while flirting with a cow girl in German.
Or what about a valiant Samurai speaking American English?
I'll tell you what it sounds: ridiculous.
Just stick with the subtitles.
"Hurr Durr, I can't read and watch at the same time!"
Yeah, you can, you just want dubbing because you're accustomed to it. If you were fed shit sandwiches forever and you tried five star Michelin delicacy for the first time you'd complain you can't taste shit in your food.
Apart for maybe children shows, everything should be subtitled - you only risk learning about new languages and cultures (god forbid you learn something new!)
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2020.09.26 10:18 RandomPersonHere- Yeet Me please tell me you have reddit.

So I was playing with randoms but the 2 people like harrystyle which I got in contact, but a girl called "YeetMe" I couldn't get in contact. They were wearing green and they were both cool. It would mean a lot of you would help me find them. I'm sorry I lf any of this is grammaircly wrong and bad spelling it's 3:00 am. North american servers btw.
submitted by RandomPersonHere- to AmongUsFriendFinder [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 08:56 cukcaksejska I don't understand

Ok I got into an argument with a muslim about aishas age and her puberty. I am showing them Sahih hadith that aisha gone through puberty in Hajj. But they are not admitting and calling me a liar dude I just show you a Sahih hadith. And I am sending him a link from the great Islamic encyclopedia how could this source be un-authentic ok I get it wiki Islam is biased but I send you link from great Islamic encyclopedia how could this be biased how could I be a liar. How could I fool you I looked to his argument it was classic wordpress apogolist they are trying to fool people by confusing word saying maturity in english means puberty no it doesn't first of all in many dictionaries the arabic word is not puberty it's "knowing what you are saying" even if it was maturity which most dictionaries don't agree on maturity mean according to Oxford dictionary: the quality of thinking and behaving in a sensible, adult manner not puberty they are completely different things and plus let's spouse there was miracle and she gone through puberty so what now we can marry 9 year old girl who hasn't even know what god is. And they basically refutes the great Islamic encyclopedia about why muhhamed wait 3 years.
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2020.09.26 08:46 TakeOffYourMask [TOMT] 90s (or 80s?) fairy tale tv movie in which a big guy snaps a girl’s neck while she’s sleeping

Okay this is vague, I’d be amazed if anybody could help. This was on tv in the 90s (looked contemporary) and felt like a tv movie. It was a fairy tale-ish or Anne of Green Gables-ish thing with two girls (teens or twenties) and a big ogre-like character (no makeup, just human).
I got the impression the two girls were prisoners of the ogre. Pretty sure they spoke in American accents, one mentioned a magic spell or method they had, possibly to get rid of the ogre, mentioning “a poke of salt”.
There was a scene where the girls were sleeping in a loft or something and the ogre was eating pickled fish or eggs or something from a jug and he walked up to the girls, reached out with one hand and my mom said he broke her neck.
Does this ring any bells?
EDIT:
It was live action and saw it in America.
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2020.09.26 08:30 eire1979au My request for BAE's ASIO file to be digitised is complete. Here it is.

The file is held at the National Archives and is available to the public. I paid to have it digitised and now you can look it up online. I had been worried it was just going to be ASIO's information on his involvement with the Committee for Democracy in Australia and about his Communist leanings. But, thankfully there is a bit more than that. Below I have set out what each of the documents in the file includes. It's 86 pages long, so it might take you a while to get through it. I have highlighted in bold below what I consider to be the most important parts of the file.
The image begins at the end of the file which is probably better for our purposes as it dates from 1965 to 1975, and he was only arrested for the crimes in 1974.
The file is now public and can be found here.
Enjoy!
Contents of file inlcude the following:
  1. A personal particulars document including BAE's DOB, job and address; his wife's maiden name, DOB and place of birth.
  2. Document detailling extracts from the of the Senate Select Committee on Civil Rights of Migrant Australians. Elkner is mentioned in his role as a supporter of Marjan Jurjevic (the guy who the Ustashi bombed in Melbourne because he identified as a Yugoslav).
  3. ASIO intelligence report leaked by an agent who had infiltrated the Communist Party of Australia detailing the names and addresses of subscribers to the CPA newspaper "Tribune", one of whom was Dr. BAE.
  4. Newspaper article from The Age dated 19/10/1974, titled "Lecturer had sex fantasies, gaoled". I don't think any of us has seen this before (possibly not on Newspapers.com). Fascinating article, gives more details about BAE's sentencing "non-parole period of five years". Gives more details about rapes: "tied up six girls and assaulted five and raped one...common features of the assaults included entering the victims homes by trickery, tieing their ankles and hands, threatening them with a knife, threatening to kill them, and in three cases, cutting their clothing with scissors". Psychiatrist Dr. L. M. Marinovich said "Elkner was now getting medication to control his problem". Elkner's lawyer, Mr. John Phillips, said "the rape victim was an 18 year old Arts student at Melbourne University, who Elkner knew".
  5. ASIO hand-written memo detailing BAE's links with a woman he had invited to join the Committee for Democracy in Australia.
  6. Newspaper article from The Herald dated 18/10/1974, titled "UNI MAN HAD SEX FANTASY - COURT TOLD". (Note, some of the article is faded and difficult to make out). I don't think any of us has seen this before (possibly not on Newspapers.com). I think it says "a pair of scissors involved in rape". The attacks occurred "at different homes in Brighton, one at Elsternwick, one at Murumbeena and one at Carnegie". Lawyer Phillips said "Elkner was married with three children aged from three to eight years". "The rape victim - a girl student in the same faculty at Melbourne University - had suffered bruising to the head and scratches." Mr Phillips also said: "There were people struck in some of the other cases and it may well be that some injury was inflicted". Then there is an interview with the Deputy Dean of Arts at Melbourne University, Mr Ronald Francis Jackson, who states that he had known BAE since he was undergraduate in 1959, and mentions how well-respected BAE is. The government psychiatrist Dr Allan Austin Bartholomew says: "I think this man has a gross psychiatric disturbance. It may well be that we will not have much success with this prisoner".
  7. An ASIO operative's report and letter regarding his acquisition of an amateur transcription of a Four Corners episode regarding Croatian fascist terrorist activities in Victoria. Dr. BAE is interviewed in the episode which aired on the ABC on 10/6/1972 (it might be worth tracking down).
  8. Newspaper article from Farrago dated 6/4/1973, titled "ELKNER ON THE 'AUSTASHA'". Includes a black and white photo of a contemporary BAE! About a lecture BAE gave on Croatian terrorism in Australia.
  9. A transcript of a speech Elkner gave at the Unitarian church about the problem of Croatian fascism in Australia. Includes the claim that there are about 20 Ustashi war criminals living in Melbourne's suburbs. Introduces to the stage Marjan Jurjevic a man who who fought fascism in Yugoslavia during the war and whose flat on the 20th floor of the Carlton Commission housing flats had been bombed.
  10. An intelligence report about a meeting of the Communist Club at the University of Queensland. I am not sure why this document is in BAE'S file as I can't find his name in it.
  11. A document detailing the ASIO wiretapping of a friend of BAE's and two solicitors detailing BAE's concerns about the training of Croatian fascist paramilitaries in Geelong.
  12. Typewritten memo noting BAE's address at Hampton.
  13. ASIO intelligence file by ASIO infiltrator (name redacted) who had a copy of the mailing list of the communist newspaper Tribune. BAE's name is first on the list.
  14. ASIO intelligence document detailing Committee for Democracy in Australia meeting with BAE, Jurjevic and future Deputy Prime Minister Dr. Jim Cairns. Meeting held 8/6/72.
  15. Wiretapping (can't see BAE's name).
  16. Wiretapping of telephone call between BAE and David Davies (communist journalist for Tribune) in which they discuss activities of Croatian fascist paramilitary activity in Victoria.
  17. A document marked HQT 70/1187. Mentions one Danyelo Dando arranged to have BAE's article "Croatian Fascism in Australia" published in the Worker Student Alliance newspaper Struggle.
  18. Intelligence report regarding the inaugral meeting of the Committee for Democracy in Australia held in March 1972. Interesting detail: Marjan Jurjevic's daughter Angela, a languages graduate from La Trobe University fluent in French, invited Elkner to the group to act as president and he agreed.
  19. Document detailing contributions to the Worker's Student Alliance newspaper Struggle, includes BAE's article "Croatian Fascism in Australia".
  20. Phone intercept of call between David Davies and Marjan Jurjevic. Details death threats sent by letter to Jurjevic. Letters written in Serbo-Croat. Threats were to the lives of Jurjevic, his daughter, BAE and Jim Cairns.
  21. Telephone intercept between David Davies and Marjan Jurjevic in which Jurjevic threatened to blow up St. Patrick's Cathedral if anything happened to his daughter.
  22. Telephone intercept between David Davies and Marjan Jurjevic regarding and interview between Angela Jurevic and reporter Bruce Webster. BAE briefly mentioned.
  23. Typewritten memo to indicate Brian Elkner should be referred to as "Brian Alan Elkner" in the ASIO file.
  24. ASIO agent's report on the meeting of the Committe for Democracy in Australia meeting held at the Unitarian Church Hall in Grey Street in East Melbourne 9/4/1972.
  25. Telephone intercept between David Davies (journalist with Tribune) and Marjan Jurjevic. Jurjevic not home, call answered by police officer (at Jurjevic residence due to recent bombing), Davies asked if he could come up to take a photograph of bomb damage, police officer agreed.
  26. Telephone intercept between David Davies and BAE. Day after bombing of Jurjevic's flat in Carlton. BAE remarks that he was "always looking over his shoulder these days".
  27. Telephone intercept between David Davies and Phillip Mark Taft. Davies describes how bomb had been left in a blue bag on the landing outside Jurjevic's flat. No mention of BAE.
  28. Telephone intercept of call between David Davies and John Sendy about the bombing. No mention of BAE.
  29. News transcript of bombing of the migrant's advisory section of the ANZ bank (there were two bomb blasts on the same day, one here in the city and one in Jurjevic's flat in Carlton). Dr. BAE is paraphrased making claims that certain members of the Liberal Party were cosying up to the Crotian Nazis and turning a blind eye to their activities simply because they had a common interest in anti-Communism.
  30. Telephone intercept of call between David Davies and BAE. BAE informs Davies he is just finishing his article for the Australian Left Review.
  31. NSW police memo from 3/3/72 about report from branch of Foundation of Aboriginal Affairs. Branch forwarded sent letter to government calling on them to remove the current officebearers of the government run Foundation for Aboriginal Affairs and recommended certain other individuals be elected instead. BAE is signatory to letter. ASIO report includes comments that it is concerned about Black Power element within this group.
  32. An intercept report detailing ASIO's concerns about the Communist Party of Australia developing links with 'aboriginals'. BAE is mentioned as someone who is helping the CPA have the letter typed up at his place of work the university of NSW.
  33. Typed memo indicating BAE's name Brian should be recorded in file as Brian Elkner.
  34. ASIO report on BAE as being a lecturer at UNSW. He described himself as being someone who had previously lived in Yallourn, Victoria. While there he had helped young men avoid being conscripted to fight in Vietnam. He had then travelled on a French government scholariship and had lived in Paris for one year during the period when there were mass strikes and student unrest there. On 1/9/70 he had distributed leaflets for a lecturer by a touring French philospher by the name of Roger Garaudy.
  35. ASIO intercept report regarding a translation BAE was doing for Eric Aarons of the CPA.
  36. ASIO intercept reports of phonecalls between CPA members discussing Roger Garaudy's meetings in Sydney. BAE is on one phonecall and mentions how he made a tape of Garaudy's talk. BAE also agrees to translate other copies of Garaudy's lectures.
  37. Agent (name redacted) report fixing earlier incorrect spelling of BAE's name from 'Elkener' to 'Elkner'.
  38. ASIO PSO report on BAE and his wife. Indicates birthplace as Kew and birthdate. Includes both BAE and his wife's Electoral Office document.
  39. Same as 38., but gives electoral records of Sydney address.
  40. ASIO intercept report between BAE and CPA member Mavis Robertson. BAE introduces himself, saying he is interested in the CPA and suggesting to her that Garaudy give a lecture at his university.
  41. ASIO agent report of document from the Department of Immigration indicating that BAE expressed an intention to travel overseas. Recorded on 26/7/1967. The Department indicated it did not stop BAE from travelling.
  42. ASIO report on a pamphlet that was being distributed by the La Trobe Valley Vietnam Committee at the State Electricity Commission Power Station at Yallourn. The pamphlet opposed the Vietnam War and the use of conscripts in the war. BAE is listed as an area secretary.
  43. ASIO report about a cutting from the newspaper La Trobe Valley Express, titled "To Mr Holt from those concerned". The letter urges Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt to encourage American President Lyndon Johnson to accept Ho Chi Minh's invitation to Vietnam to discuss peace. BAE is included as a representative.
  44. ASIO report of a Police Special Branch report about the application of one Thomas Joseph Yates for exemption, as a conscientious objector, to being conscripted. BAE is listed as being referenced in the report.
  45. Police Special Branch report about the application of one Thomas Joseph Yates for exemption, as a conscientious objector, to being conscripted. Yates' application was first rejected by adjudicating magistrate, but same said that he could perform non-combat duties. Yates appealed and BAE is listed as being present at hearing in support of Yates. BAE is reported as being an atheist and so gave evidence on affirmation rather than under oath.
  46. ASIO report of a letter written by the La Trobe Valley Vietnam Committee detailing the holding of a fete in order to raise money for Yates' election campaign expenses. Meeting was held at BAE's house in Yallourn on 11/12/1966.
  47. ASIO report of an open letter written by the La Trobe Valley Vietnam Committee regarding the upcoming election (1966). BAE is listed as in charge of the Tom Yates campaign (Yates was running as a member in Morwell). The letter lists upcoming events on the election and what supporters can do to help with canvassing.
  48. ASIO report about a conversation between two individuals. One of the individuals mentioned how BAE had a candidate to run in the election, a conscript. It is mentioned that BAE's brother-in-law, Bob Hopkins, had been arrested the previous weekend.
  49. ASIO report about a Victoria Police Special Branch report about an anti-Vietnam War demonstration held on 7/8/1965.
  50. Victoria Police Special Branch report about an anti-Vietnam War demonstration held on 7/8/1965. VPSB report refers to it as the Australian & New Zealand Peace Congress March. It records BAE as participating in the march from Frankston to Cheltenham. It records him as driving a "Hillman sedan" with the car dropping off "youths wearing 'peace' signs".
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2020.09.26 08:09 AdequateSizeAttache Setting the Record Straight on the Evidence of Prior Sexual Abuse - Part 2

(Continued from Part 1)

The Experts: Who are these people and what are their qualifications?

Here is some background information on the consulted child sexual abuse experts who testified to JonBenet's prior abuse:
Andrew P. Sirotnak, MD, FAAP*
Dr. Sirotnak graduated with a MD from Thomas Jefferson University in 1989 and completed his residency in the Child Abuse Pediatrics program. From 1992-1994 he was the Pediatrics Chief Resident and Fellow in Child Abuse Pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine.
At the time of his involvement in the Ramsey case, he was the Director of the Child Protection Team at Children's Hospital Colorado and a professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, positions which he still holds today.
His work and research has been published in: Child Abuse & Neglect, Child Maltreatment, Journal of Pediatric Surgery, Pediatric Clinics of North America, Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Surgery International, Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, and The Journal of Pediatrics. He co-authored a chapter on child sexual abuse in the textbook Berman's Pediatric Decision Making (5th ed.) and is one of the editors of the textbook Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management (4th ed.) which was released in 2019.
*Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics
Richard D. Krugman, MD, FAAP
Dr. Krugman graduated with a BA in Biology/Biological Sciences from Princeton University in 1963 and a MD from NYU School of Medicine/Sackler Institute of Graduate Biomedical Sciences in 1968. He completed his specialty residency training in the Pediatrics Residency Program at the University of Colorado School of Medicine in 1971.
From 1981-1992, he served as Director of the Kempe National Center for Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse at the UC School of Medicine and was appointed to the U.S. Advisory Board of Child Abuse and Neglect in 1989, serving as Chair from 1989-1991. He is currently a Distinguished Professor in Pediatrics-Child Abuse and Neglect at UC School of Medicine and is regarded as one of the nation's leading experts on the subject of child abuse and neglect. In January 2018, Dr. Krugman co-founded the National Foundation to End Child Abuse and Neglect.
Dr. Krugman served as editor-in-chief of Child Abuse and Neglect: the International Journal from 1986-2001. He has authored over 120 papers in journals such as Child Abuse & Neglect, International Journal on Child Maltreatment, Pediatric Clinics of North America, Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, and others.
He is co-editor of the books The Battered Child (5th ed.), Handbook of Child Maltreatment, National Systems of Child Protection: Understanding the International Variability and Context for Developing Policy and Practice, and C. Henry Kempe: A 50 Year Legacy to the Field of Child Abuse and Neglect.
James A. Monteleone, MD
Dr. Monteleone graduated with a BA in education from the University of Illinois and a MD from the Saint Louis University School of Medicine in 1962. After completing his residency he served as a pediatrics instructor at Northwestern University School of Medicine and as a physician at Children's Memorial Hospital in Chicago. In 1967 he joined the faculty at SLU as a professor of pediatrics and gynecology. He also practiced at Cardinal Glennon Children's hospital for over 34 years where he served as Director of the Division of Child Protection. He was regarded as an expert on child physical and sexual abuse and neglect.
From his obituary at slu.edu:
Dr. James Monteleone became an outspoken advocate for abused children, after seeing his first case of child abuse during his residency at Cardinal Glennon in 1962. He was a founding member of one of the nation’s first child abuse management committees and the first sexual abuse management committee, both formed at Cardinal Glennon shortly after the medical community recognized child abuse as battered baby syndrome.
In his years of practice, Dr. Monteleone witnessed more than 7,000 cases of child abuse.
...
In 1989, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services honored Dr. Monteleone with the Commissioner’s Award for Outstanding Leadership and Service in the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect. He was the author of Recognition of Child Abuse for the Mandated Reporter and A Parent’s and Teacher’s Handbook on Identifying and Preventing Child Abuse, among other work on the subject.
Dr. Monteleone died on February 10, 2020 at the age of 87.
Valerie J. Rao, MD
A native of Madras, South India, Dr. Rao studied Zoology at Stella Maris College in Chennai. She graduated with a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery from St. John’s Medical School at Bangalore University in 1971, after which she went to the US to complete a five year residency training program in clinical, anatomic, and forensic pathology.
At the time of her involvement on the Ramsey case, Dr. Rao was an associate medical examiner at the Miami-Dade County Medical Examiner's Office where she had been since 1981. She is noted for specializing in dealing with sexual assault victims, particularly children. In Miami she worked at the Rape Treatment Center at Jackson Memorial Hospital for 18 years doing forensic evaluations in cases of sexual assault and child abuse.
Dr. Rao has worked as a medical examiner in the states of Arizona, Missouri, and Florida and has taught courses in Pathology and Anatomic Sciences at University of Missouri School of Medicine. She served as Chief Medical Examiner for District 4 in Jacksonville Florida since 2011, a position from which she retired at the end of 2019.
Dr. Rao's research has been published in Journal of Forensic Sciences and The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology. She co-authored the books An Atlas of Forensic Pathology, Practical Forensic Pathology, and also co-wrote the chapter "Sexual Battery Investigation" in the book Forensic Pathology: Principles and Practice.
John J. McCann, MD, FAAP
Dr. McCann recieved his MD from University of Michigan's Medical School in 1957. After serving two years in the Navy as the base pediatrician in Annapolis Maryland, he joined the faculty at University of Washington and was appointed Chief of Pediatrics at Harborview Medical Center. McCann's colleague at Harborview was fellow pediatrician Dr. Shirley Anderson, an early pioneer in the field of medical assessment of sexual abuse. Harborview had one of the first hospital based programs for sexual assault and abuse evaluations in the country and Dr. Anderson served as its first director. Working alongside Dr. Anderson is how Dr. McCann developed an interest in child abuse evaluation.
Dr. McCann then moved to California to help develop a primary care training program for the Department of Pediatrics at University of California, San Francisco. While at the university-affiliated Valley Medical Center, McCann led research on a topic about which very little was known at the time: the anogenital anatomy of non-abused children. He and his team also conducted research and published articles on the healing of genital injuries, the use of colposcopes in evaluating prepubertal and adolescent girls for suspected sexual abuse, and developed the multi-method evaluation approach that is now used throughout the world.
At the time of his work on the Ramsey case, Dr. McCann was Clinical Professor of Pediatrics and the Medical Director of the Child Protection Center at the University of California, Davis Medical Center in Sacramento, California. He also served as Chairman of the American Professional Society Against Child Abuse's (APSAC) Committee on the Interpretation of Anal/Genital Findings in Child Sexual Abuse. At UC Davis he continued his research in the healing process of anal/genital injuries and also wrote the evaluation guidelines and protocols for reporting child sexual abuse in the state of California.
Dr. McCann established the standards for what is considered normal and abnormal in child and adolescent genital examinations. He has conducted or supervised medical evaluations of over 10,000 child sexual abuse victims and is "widely regarded nationally and internationally as a master anatomic diagnostician in the field.*" He regularly gave seminars to physicians and medical examiners on how to recognize abuse and testified in criminal trials for the defense where misinterpreted genital findings had led to false allegations of sexual abuse. He was committed to and advocated accuracy and integrity in medical evaluations to prevent false allegations against parents or caretakers.
He has authored numerous journal articles on the genital findings of both abused and non-abused children as well as textbooks such as The Anatomy of Child and Adolescent Sexual Abuse: A CD-ROM Atlas/Reference and Color Atlas of Child Sexual Abuse. His research continues to be used today in training programs for child abuse education.

Responses to dissenting opinions

I'm aware of only one medical expert opinion that could be considered a dissenting opinion.
Werner Spitz, MD
Dr. Spitz was consulted by the police and coroner's office to review the vaginal injury evidence, including tissue slides and photographs, to help determine when in relation to JonBenet's death the acute vaginal injury took place. He concluded that it was inflicted very near or concurrent with the time of death. In his opinion the head blow came first, rendering JonBenet unconconscious, and the vaginal assault and strangulation which was inflicted some time later was staging. He said he saw "no clear indication of prior penetration," believing that the retracted and shriveled hymen could be explained by the acute assault.
Three things to keep in mind is that:
1) Spitz wasn't tasked to determine if there was prior vaginal trauma. His focus was on the sequence and timing of JonBenet's injuries including the acute vaginal trauma. Since he believed the acute injury was a staged sexual assault meant to cover up the fatal head blow, the issue of prior sexual abuse is not especially pertinent in his theory.
2) Spitz is not a specialist in child sexual abuse, pediatric anogenital anatomy, or the healing morphology of the genital injuries of prepubertal children.
3) He does not say there was no prior penetration, rather "no clear indication of prior penetration," which hints at reservation or uncertainty.

Responses to strawman arguments presented as dissenting opinions

Dr. Francesco Beuf, MD, FAAP
JonBenet's pediatrician said he saw no evidence of sexual abuse during the time he treated her as a patient. From his letter to Boulder Police:
My office treated JonBenet Ramsey from March, 1993 through December, 1996. Throughout this period, there has been absolutely no evidence of abuse of any kind.
In an interview with Paula Woodward, when asked if he thought JonBenet was sexually abused, he stated:
I do not think she was sexually abused. I am convinced she wasn't sexually abused. [source]
Note that he does not deny that she was sexually abused, because he cannot deny it. As he did not suspect any abuse, Dr. Beuf did not evaluate JonBenet for sexual abuse nor conduct a genital examination for sexual abuse. It's not something he ever clinically assessed or ruled out, therefore, he can say only that he did not see evidence or signs of abuse or that he doesn't believe she was abused. That is not the same as stating the medical opinion that she was not abused.
When we talk about the evidence of prior sexual abuse, we are referring to the genital findings, particularly of the hymen, observed at JonBenet's autopsy. By his own admission, Beuf never examined JonBenet's hymen. He did not see the genital findings from the autopsy. He did not see the prior hymenal injury that the experts describe. His opinion that JonBenet was not sexually abused is based on clinical history and social/familial history as provided to him by her parent, not the anatomical evidence. Dr. Beuf's opinion does not even address the evidence, much less refute it.
Michael Dobersen, MD
This statement by Dr. Dobersen from a 2006 article sometimes gets cited as a dissenting medical opinion:
[On the question of whether the autopsy findings indicated chronic abuse] "Arapahoe County Coroner Dr. Michael Doberson says you would need more information before you could come to any conclusion.
This is not a dissenting opinion. Dr. Dobersen is declining to give an opinion.
Thomas Henry, MD
In the 1998 documentary JonBenet's America, this statement by Denver medical examiner Dr. Thomas Henry is presented as a rebuttal to the evidence of prior abuse:
From what is noted in the autopsy report, there is no evidence of injury to the anus, there is no evidence of injury to the skin around the vagina, the labia. There is no indication of healed scars in any of those areas. There is no other indication from the autopsy report at all that there is any other previous injuries that have healed in that area.
Note that this comment refers only to two specific areas: the anus and the skin around the vagina (the labia). Either Dr. Henry has been misinformed about what the experts actually said about JonBenet's genital injuries, or this is a deliberate straw man. The evidence of prior abuse has nothing to do with the anus or the skin around the vagina (the labia). It is misleading for the documentary to present this information as if it were relevant to the evidence of prior abuse.
Leon Kelly, MD
In the documentary The Killing of JonBenet: The Truth Uncovered, Colorado Springs medical examiner Dr. Leon Kelly is solicited to review "the evidence on prior sexual abuse" (i.e., a copy of the autopsy report provided by the documentary crew) and give his opinion. This is what Dr. Kelly had to say:
The exam reveals no evidence of healing, or prior injuries. No evidence of scarring. No evidence of other changes or findings which forensic pathologists look to to indicate prior sexual abuse.
Much has been made about a few lines of information where the pathologist describes some chronic inflammation. Some have extrapolated that to mean 'well, we've got chronic injury, therefore we've got chronic sexual abuse.' In fact, that's not what those few words of text mean. Vaginitis, which is a very nonspecific term for inflammation, is very common in children and can be due to things as simple as irritation from soap or poor wiping. So common to the point that it's essentially a normal finding. And to extrapolate someone else's guilt as far as inflicting sexual abuse, that's not based in science.
1) Dr. Kelly is correct that the autopsy report contains no information about indications of healed scars or previous healed injuries. However, that doesn't mean there were none present. Interpreting such details was outside the scope of the coroner's abilities; it would have been inappropriate for him to comment on it in the autopsy report. Per standard protocol when a coroner is uncertain about a finding, experts were later consulted to make an assessment. Much of the prior abuse evidence was documented and established outside of the autopsy report. It is misleading for the documentary to conflate the autopsy report with the "evidence on prior sexual abuse."
2) This statement attempts to reduce the evidence of prior sexual abuse to chronic inflammation, vaginitis, and erythema from soap or poor wiping. Once again, the evidence of prior sexual abuse is not based on chronic inflammation, vaginitis, erythema, or any other nonspecific findings. It is based on findings which meet the criteria specific for nonacute penetrative trauma.
Woodward's 'four experts'
In her book and in interviews such as this HLN documentary, Paula Woodward claims that four experts testified to there being no prior sexual abuse.
I have already responded to this claim in this post.
FBI
The FBI believed that JonBenet's vaginal trauma was not consistent with a history of sexual abuse, and they had turned up no evidence of any other type of abuse. The sexual violation of JonBenet, whether pre or postmortem did not appear to have been committed for the perpetrators gratification. The penetration, which caused minor genital trauma, was more likely part of a staged crime scene intended to mislead the police.
[Perfect Murder, Perfect Town, Lawrence Schiller, p. 305]
This is the opinion of FBI criminal profilers, not medical experts. It is an assessment based on behavior and elements of the crime and crime scene, not genital findings.
Melinda and John Andrew Ramsey
John Ramsey's two older children, Melinda and John Andrew, have stated there was no abuse in their family.
This is not a medical opinion.
Carnes Order
No evidence, however, suggests that she was the victim of chronic sexual abuse. (SMF P 50; PSMF P 50.)
This is not a medical opinion. It is a claim taken from a document called Defendants Statement of Undisputed Material Facts which was prepared by the Ramseys' defense attorneys in the 2003 civil case Wolf v Ramsey.

Responses to common myths

Experts disagree/are divided on the prior sexual abuse
The experts most qualified to assess the evidence, the child sexual abuse experts consulted by Boulder Police and the Boulder County Coroner's Office, were unanimous in their conclusion that there was physical evidence of prior sexual abuse. No one has disputed their findings.
The evidence of prior sexual abuse in this case is based on the genital findings documented during autopsy. Interpreting genital findings should be done only by skilled clinicians with expertise in pediatric anogenital anatomy and sexual abuse evaluation criteria. This is emphasized in every modern clinical manual or textbook on child sexual abuse evaluations:
  • The identification and interpretation of medical and laboratory findings in children with possible sexual abuse require an evaluation by a health care provider who has a high level of knowledge, clinical expertise, and familiarity with the research studies describing findings in nonabused and abused children.
    [Joyce A. Adams, MD. Medical Response to Child Sexual Abuse: A Resource for Clinicians and Other Professionals, p. 117]
  • Medical providers who examine children for suspected sexual abuse must be well trained, knowledgeable, and comfortable performing a specialized genital examination. They must be astute at diagnosing findings related to abuse and findings that only mimic abuse.
    ...
    [T]he majority of medical providers remain inadequately trained to examine children for sexual abuse...Many examiners are unfamiliar with prepubertal genital anatomy and the range of anatomic findings that can be considered normal. An untrained or undertrained medical provider should not provide an expert opinion in a case of child sexual abuse.
    [Suzanne P. Starling, MD, FAAP. Medical Response to Child Sexual Abuse: A Resource for Clinicians and Other Professionals, pp.259-261]
All other opinions — by those who haven't seen the genital findings and/or lack expertise in child sexual abuse evaluations and pediatric anogenital anatomy— are just noise.
Bubble baths/urinary issues/UTIs/vaginitis could explain the prior sexual abuse evidence
Child abuse experts are acutely aware what findings are caused by bubble baths, urinary issues, UTIs, vaginitis, and that they are not specific for sexual abuse. Their area of specialty is in distinguishing normal/nonabuse findings and findings that mimic abuse findings from actual abuse findings. No child abuse expert is going to mistake a common nonspecific finding like inflammation or erythema for an abuse finding; that is specifically what they are trained not to do.
The evidence of prior sexual abuse is based on findings that meet the criteria specific for nonacute penetrating trauma.
Findings caused by bubble baths/urinary issues/UTIs/vaginitis are listed in the Adams classification guidelines. See points 12 and 13 under section B ("Findings commonly caused by medical conditions other than trauma or sexual contact") and point 23 under section C ("Findings due to other conditions, which can be mistaken for abuse.")
JonBenet's pediatrician was in the best place to recognize abuse
It is a mistake to assume pediatricians are capable of detecting every case of child abuse. The unfortunate reality is that abuse is missed all the time by medical professionals and caretakers, even by those trained to recognize it. Sexual abuse is, by its very nature, secretive. It almost always occurs when the child is alone with the offender. Victims tend to delay or avoid disclosure. In fact, we now know from decades of research that many children who have experienced sexual abuse grow up before they tell anyone about what happened. Many children exhibit no symptoms of sexual abuse at all.
Historically, one of the problems that has hindered clinical recognition of sexual abuse is that many physicians, including pediatricians, have found it hard to imagine that their child patients are victims of sexual abuse. Suzanne M. Sgroi, an early pioneer in raising awareness of child sexual abuse in the medical community, emphasized this point in a 1975 article where she told medical practioners that "in order to make the diagnosis of child sexual abuse, one must entertain the possibility that it occurs."
The same sentiment was echoed in 2000 by Astrid Heger:
Although we have made tremendous progress over the past fifteen years, sexual abuse continues to present a unique challenge to the medical professional. Making the diagnosis requires that clinicians first come to terms with their own inner rejection of the fundamental concept that adults use children for sexual gratification.
[Astrid Heger, MD. Evaluation of the Sexually Abused Child: A Medical Textbook and Photographic Atlas, p. 2]
Sexual abuse being a discomforting taboo topic is a problem that child abuse experts have been trying to correct for a long time. Another problem is the tendency for people (including physicians and healthcare providers) to hold assumptions or biases about what victims of sexual abuse are like, and what what perpetrators of child sexual abuse are like.
From statements he has made, it sounds like Dr. Beuf held such assumptions about JonBenet. His belief that she was not sexually abused seems based largely on his own psychosocial assessment of her and his impression of her family. JonBenet was a "sweet", "charming", "fun", "extraordinary" child, full of "happiness" and "niceness", someone "much loved by her parents." It seems Dr. Beuf could not fathom that someone like JonBenet could be a victim of sexual abuse, or that it could occur in a family like hers.
The fact is, children who are well-adjusted and happy can be victims of sexual abuse. People who are financially successfull, educated, upstanding members of the community can be perpetrators of sexual abuse. Sexual abuse occurs in all kinds of families across different socioeconomic and education levels. It's not possible to profile who is a victim or perpetrator of sexual abuse by assessing demographics and demeanor.
It is also a mistake to assume that pediatricians have sufficient knowledge and training in recognizing sexual abuse, conducting evaluations for sexual abuse, or familiarity with pediatric genital anatomy. On the contrary, pediatricians are undertrained in matters relating to child abuse.
Pediatricians receive the most training on abuse related topics, but they are still undertrained.
[Suzanne P. Starling, MD, FAAP. Medical Response to Child Sexual Abuse: A Resource for Clinicians and Other Professionals, p. 263]
Several studies have demonstrated a shortfall in physicians' and pediatric residents' knowledge about sexual abuse and ability to label basic parts of prepubertal genital anatomy.
One study surveyed 370 physicians who treat children, once in 1986 and again in 1996. In 1986, 51.1% of them were able to correctly identify the hymen in a photograph of prepubertal female genitalia. In 1996, 61.7% were able to correctly identify the hymen.
In another study based on a survey of 139 pediatric chief residents between 1998-2000, 71% correctly identified the hymen in an anatomic photograph. The residents surveyed in the study reported varying amounts of training on issues pertaining to child sexual abuse and half of those surveyed thought their training in sexual abuse during residency was inadequate for practice.
A comparative study by Makoroff and colleagues found that 70% of the female genital exams diagnosed by pediatric emergency medicine physicians as abnormal were diagnosed normal by child abuse-trained physicians who reexamined the findings.
It's unknown what level of child abuse training Dr. Beuf had. His areas of specialty were in asthma/allergy and neonatology. He entered medical school in 1972; any training, if any, he received at that time would have required later updating.
Diagnostic acumen in child abuse can be a reflection of the decade during which a physician trained. Child sexual abuse research did not become prevalent until the late 1980s. Physicians trained during or before that time who have not had updated training may be basing their knowledge on obsolete and incorrect information.
[Suzanne P. Starling, MD, FAAP. Medical Response to Child Sexual Abuse: A Resource for Clinicians and Other Professionals, p. 260]
Some comments made by Dr. Beuf in interviews lead me to question if his training and knowledge in the areas of child sexual abuse evaluations and genital anatomy were sufficient.
In a 20/20 Primetime interview, Diane Sawyer asked Beuf:
DIANE SAWYER: If there had been an abrasion involving the hymen, you would have seen it?
Dr. FRANCESCO BEUF: Probably. I can't say absolutely for sure because you don't do a speculum exam on a child that young at least unless it's under anesthesia.
To me, this response betrays an unfamiliarity with the standards and protocols of sexual abuse evaluations and genital anatomy.
First, specula are not used with prepubertal girls except in certain cases (for example, to find the source of unexplained bleeding, a mass or a foreign body). They are not used at all for genital evaluations of prepubertal girls.
The anogenital examination in cases of suspected sexual abuse of the prepubertal child is principally an external visualization by varying techniques of separation, traction and positioning. It does not require anal or vaginal palpation or the use of specula.
[B. Herrmann, F. Navratil, Sexual Abuse in Prepubertal Children and Adolescents, p. 8]
Second, the hymen is at the entrance of the vaginal orifice and can be easily visualized without instruments. The purpose of the speculum is to see past the hymen at the vaginal walls and cervix, not at the hymen — the use of a speculum would not only impede the view of the hymen it will damage the hymen. Anyone with a basic understanding of prepubertal female genital anatomy and knowledge of how genital examinations are done would find the notion of a speculum being needed to examine the hymen absurd.
Another comment which indicates a lack of anatomical familiarity is Dr. Beuf's use of "vaginal exam" (which is synonymous with pelvic exam, an internal exam) when he means "vulval exam" or "extragenital exam." The implication between the two types of exams is important to distinguish.
In his defense, if Dr. Beuf was undertrained in these areas, it would not be atypical of a pediatrician at the time, according to the research.
In sum, I see no reason why someone who:
would be in a better place to recognize abuse over those who:
I think we should all remember what pioneering child abuse pediatrician, Dr. C. Henry Kempe, told a conferenceful of pediatricians in 1977:
Moreover, it is common for children, who are regularly cared for by their pediatrician, to be involved in incest for many years without their physician knowing. Incest makes pediatricians and everyone else very uncomfortable.
[C. Henry Kempe, MD. Sexual Abuse, Another Hidden Pediatric Problem: The 1977 C. Anderson Aldrich Lecture]
The evidence of prior sexual abuse isn't conclusive
What is conclusive is the evidence of prior vaginal penetration, as demonstrated by the presence of a transection on JonBenet's inferior hymenal rim.
This finding is one of only a few reliable indicators of sexual abuse among prepubertal girls. On its own, it's not conclusive of sexual abuse. Combined with other information, it can be conclusive of sexual abuse. In JonBenet's case, an absence of a history for this finding combined with the rest of JonBenet's genital findings and history led five child abuse experts to conclude that JonBenet had been sexually abused prior to her murder.

Why I find the evidence of prior sexual abuse convincing

The evidence of prior sexual abuse is convincing simply because there's an unexplained transection of the inferior hymenal rim, in which case the default suspected cause is sexual abuse.
In prepubertal girls, transections of the inferior hymenal rim resulting from causes other than sexual abuse (i.e., accidental penetrating trauma or surgical intervention) are rare and need to be accounted for in order to rule out the more common cause which is sexual abuse. If no explanation for the injury is provided, either from the child, caretaker, or the child's medical history, medical protocol requires that the case be reported and investigated for suspected sexual abuse.
In JonBenet's case, the Ramseys were unable to provide an explanation for the prior hymenal injury, and whatever medical information and history provided to police gave no explanation either. Significantly, JonBenet herself could not explain it because she was found murdered in her home with acute penetrative injuries to her vagina and hymen.
On top of that is the unanimous assessment by multiple child abuse experts whose credentials speak for themselves. These experts have knowledge we don't have and they saw evidence we haven't seen. I see no reason to question their assessment.

Conclusion

The evidence of prior sexual abuse is not based on criteria or findings that are not specific to sexual abuse, such as:
The evidence of prior sexual abuse is based on:
There is no medical debate on this issue. Some doctors who are not qualified to give an opinion have disputed the conclusion of the child abuse experts, but that's it. No one has disputed the specific findings of the experts. The notion that "the experts are in disagreement" and "there's evidence to support both sides of the debate" is completely false.

Why this is important to me

Of all the evidence that I see get misrepresented in this case, I think this one bothers me the most. I hate seeing it dismissed or denied by those who don't even have a proper understanding of it. I find it insulting for anyone to suggest these highly qualified and trained experts who have dedicated their careers to accurately identifying signs of sexual abuse are so incompetent as to not be able to distinguish bubble-bath-induced vulvovaginitis or erythema from sexual abuse. They do; being able to tell the difference is quite literally the entire purpose of their subspecialty.
Due to all of the misinformation surrounding it, I don't think enough people realize how medically sound the evidence of prior sexual abuse actually is. That is a disservice to JonBenet and her case.
Autopsy is the art of speaking with the dead. Dead men girls do tell tales, as the saying goes in forensic pathology. JonBenet's body is an important piece of evidence that reveals what happened to her, not only on the night she died but days, weeks, or months before. Many knowledgable and reputable medical experts got together and examined her to help tell that story. Unless there's evidence they are wrong, then I think we should listen.
To quote something straydog77 once said in reply to a prior abuse denialist:
Those are physical facts. Identified by the nation's leading expert on pediatric genital anatomy. Those are the injuries. Though Jonbenet cannot speak, her injuries can testify on her behalf. No amount of smoke and mirrors from you will erase those injuries. Thank God. You cannot silence this child.
 

Sources

On the Ramsey Case
Perfect Murder, Perfect Town - Lawrence Schiller
JonBenet: Inside the Ramsey Murder Investigation - Donald A. Davis & Steve Thomas
Foreign Faction: Who Really Killed JonBenet? - A. James Kolar
Mortal Evidence: The Forensics Behind Nine Shocking Cases - Cyril Wecht, Greg Saitz, and Mark Curriden
Who Killed JonBenet Ramsey? - Cyril Wecht and Charles Bosworth, Jr.
We Have Your Daughter: The Unsolved Murder of JonBenét Ramsey Twenty Years Later - Paula Woodward
Autopsy report
Bonita Papers
January 30, 1997 Search Warrant
Patsy Ramsey 1998 police interview
Steve Thomas 2001 deposition
Reddit AMA with Mark Beckner
Reddit AMA with James Kolar
Julie Hayden KHOW Dan Caplis interview transcript
Julie Hayden Channel 7 news report
Krugman on Burden of Proof
Daily Camera - Report indicates sexual assault, experts conclude
Daily Camera - Autopsy evidence leaves experts in disagreement
Girl Had No History Of Being Abused
KUSA-TV interview with Dr. Beuf
ABC Primetime Live interview with Dr. Beuf
On child abuse
Satan's Silence: Ritual Abuse and the Making of a Modern American Witch Hunt - Debbie Nathan and Michael Snedeker
Anatomy of the McMartin Child Molestation Case - Edgar W. Butler, Hiroshi Fukurai, Jo-Ellan Dimitrius
The Witch-Hunt Narrative: Politics, Psychology, and the Sexual Abuse of Children - Ross E. Cheit
What Happened in the Woodshed: The Secret Lives of Battered Children and a New Profession to Protect Them - Lawrence R. Ricci
Evaluation of the Sexually Abused Child: A Medical Textbook and Photographic Atlas - Astrid Heger, S. Jean Emans, David Muram
Handbook of Child Sexual Abuse: Identification, Assessment, and Treatment - Paris Goodyear-Brown (editor)
Medical Evaluation of Child Sexual Abuse: A Practical Guide - Martin A. Finkel, Angelo P. Giardino (editors)
Medical Response to Child Sexual Abuse: A Resource for Clinicians and Other Professionals - Rich A. Kaplan, Joyce A. Adams, Suzanne P. Starling, Angelo P. Giardino
[sources continued in comments]
submitted by AdequateSizeAttache to JonBenetRamsey [link] [comments]


2020.09.26 08:09 AdequateSizeAttache Setting the Record Straight on the Evidence of Prior Sexual Abuse - Part 1

[This post has been split into two parts because of selfpost character limits.]

Introduction

It surprises me how often I see discussions involving speculation on whether JonBenet's UTIs, vaginitis, bedwetting, and history of frequent doctor visits indicate sexual abuse or not. These discussions invariably include people chiming in to share how they or someone they know had similar issues but were never abused. From these discussions, one could get the impression that itchy pageant costumes or Mr. Bubble useage are perfectly reasonable explanations for the evidence of sexual abuse.
The fact is, there's no need to speculate based on these things. There is physical evidence of prior sexual abuse. This is the evidence that should be at the forefront of discussions on the question of sexual abuse, not bubble baths or bedwetting. Issues such as vaginitis, UTIs, and bedwetting are not specific to sexual abuse; there are other possible explanations for them. There is no other possible explanation for the physical evidence besides trauma from physical penetration.
In reading discussions on the case over the years, it's always puzzled me how often the evidence of prior sexual abuse gets downplayed or dismissed. In considering why, I believe it is due primarily to these two common misconceptions:
Common Misconception 1 (as demonstrated above): The evidence of sexual abuse = vaginal irritation, UTIs, rashes, bedwetting, soiling, frequent doctor visits
Common Misconception 2: There is a medical debate on the issue and there's evidence to support both sides
Common Misconception 1 is a straw man argument — the actual evidence (the physical findings) is not being addressed or refuted.
Common Misconception 2 is an argument from false equivalence. An equal, rather than accurate, amount of weight is given to both sides of the issue. People see the mountain of conflicting information and contradicting opinions and think "It looks like expert opinion on this issue is divided; I guess a case can be made for either side." The enormous difference in expertise and experience between the various experts is ignored, as is the level of access they had to the evidence. This misconception gives the impression that all these expert opinions cancel each other out, rendering the issue debatable and open to interpretation. Consequently, the probative value of the evidence is undermined, making it easier for people to feel they can dismiss.
I think several factors have contributed to these two misconceptions:
However, if one takes a closer look at the evidence, it becomes apparent that it is not weighted equally on both sides. There is no medical debate, but a medical consensus. Every child sexual abuse expert who examined the genital findings from JonBenet's autopsy recognized physical signs of sexual abuse that predated her murder. Despite some objections to their conclusion, no one has disputed the physical findings of these experts. Their findings are compelling and should be seriously considered. In order to do that, though, one must first understand what the findings are and get acquainted with the doctors who testified to them.
The purpose of this post is to lay out everything that is known about the evidence of prior sexual abuse, but also to put it into a larger context so that hopefully it will be better understood. This will involve delving a bit into the history of child sexual abuse evaluations (it will become relevant later), as well as some background information of the experts involved. I will also go over dissenting opinions and address some common counterarguments and myths.

The evolution of modern pediatric sexual abuse evaluations: A brief historical timeline

1857 - One of the first known forensic medical studies on child sexual abuse, Étude médico-légale sur les attentats aux mœurs (Forensic study on offenses against morals) by French medical doctor and pathologist Auguste Ambroise Tardieu, is published. This treatise describes various forms of child abuse and maltreatment and includes anatomical drawings of genital findings which by modern standards are considered surprisingly accurate and ahead of its time. For some reason these efforts are largely ignored and it will be over a century before interest in sexual abuse evaluations from a medical perspective is resurrected.
1940s-50s - Child sexual abuse remains an unacknowledged taboo. Medical textbooks of this era tell doctors that children can contract STIs like gonorrhea from non-sexual means, such as from toilet seats, sharing towels, or sleeping in the same bed as an infected adult. Such myths will pervade for decades.
1962 - "The Battered Child Syndrome" by pediatrician C. Henry Kempe is published and physical child abuse is recognized. A watershed moment in pediatrics and child abuse protection. This article is about detecting hidden signs of physical abuse using modern radiological technology and newly proposed evaluation guidelines. Detecting chronic or hidden sexual abuse, however, will prove to be a more enduring challenge.
Late 1960s - By now all 50 states have child abuse protection laws in place.
1970s - Feminist campaigners and policymakers take up the cause of child sexual abuse. Most child protection workers during this period are social workers and therapists. The field of child abuse protection and evaluation is in its nascency.
1974 - Congress enacts the Federal Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA, P.L. 93-247). CAPTA creates a nationwide focus on establishing standardized protocols for dealing with all forms of child abuse and neglect. Mandatory reporting is one component of CAPTA. Before, only doctors were required to report cases of suspected child abuse; now, it is anyone in a position of authority — teachers, camp counselors, etc. Consequently, there is a significant increase in the reporting of child abuse cases and an increase in the demand of evaluations for suspected sexual abuse. Most of the physicians doing these medical evaluations are not researchers or academics but work with prosecutor's offices and law enforcement.
1975 - Suzanne M. Sgroi, physician pioneer in the field, publishes an article calling child sexual abuse "the last frontier in child abuse" which "remains a taboo topic in many areas."
1977 - C. Henry Kempe brings awareness to the issue of child sexual abuse by following up "The Battered Child Syndrome" with a landmark lecture at the Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics in New York City. The talk, titled "Sexual Abuse, Another Hidden Pediatric Problem" is published in the journal Pediatrics the following year.
1980s - Doctors start examining children's genitals, documenting, cataloging and trying to interpret their findings. Some use a colposcope, a binocular-like instrument originally used to detect cervical cancer, which magnifies the vaginal canal and tissues up to 4-30x. Some take anatomical measurements which they use to develop criteria for suspected abuse. They know what findings they see in abused children, but there is an acute lack of understanding of what "normal" or nonabused genital findings look like.
1981 - The article "Sexual Misuse: Rape, Molestation, and Incest" by Dr. Bruce Woodling is published in the journal Pediatric Clinics of North America.
Dr. Woodling is a California physician whose area of specialty is in sexual abuse forensics. The paper presents his research on what he has dubbed the "wink response test", a concept borrowed from Tardieu's 19th-century forensic manual. This test involves stroking the area near the anus with a cotton swab and gauging the response — contraction of the sphincter indicates no abuse, while an involuntary opening or 'winking' response indicates prior penetration. It was a test Tardieu developed to diagnose pederasty and Woodling has applied it to children as a way to detect anal abuse.
1982 - The wave of daycare sexual abuse hysteria of the 80s begins with the Kern County abuse allegations. The investigation and trial will culminate in the conviction of two couples (the McCuans and Kniffens) for sexually abusing several children. Dr. Woodling's wink response test and testimony play a part in their conviction. Several other similar cases in the same area at the time result in convictions of several others.
1984 - Daycare abuse hysteria continues with the Fells Acres and McMartin Preschool accusations. In the Fells Acre case, day care teacher Gerald Amirault will be put on trial and convicted of sexually assaulting and raping nine children. Questionable interview methods of the children and unproven genital evaluation criteria form the basis for the conviction.
The McMartin preschool case is the first to receive major media attention in the United States. Pediatrician Astrid Heger, under the tutelage of Dr. Bruce Woodling, conducts many of the evaluations of the McMartin children and diagnoses the majority of them as having been sexually abused. The criteria used for the evaluations are based primarily on Woodling's research as well as other published papers at the time (e.g., Cantwell's 1983 study on hymenal diameter measurements). Many of the children are found to have suspect genital findings such as notches, clefts, bands, tissue tags, ruffled or rolled hymenal edges, 'microtraumas' seen only with magnification, hymenal openings which measure over four millimeters, as well as positive reactions to Woodling's wink response test.
mid to late 80s - More abuse allegations and convictions including Country Walk, Wee Nursery, Bronx Five, Little Rascals day care, Glendale Montessori cases.
1988 - Dr. John McCann, a pediatrics professor and researcher from UCSF School of Medicine, drops a bombshell at the 18th annual child abuse convention in San Diego. He presents the results of a study he and his colleagues have worked on the past four years. They had gathered a control group of about 300 nonabused/"normal" children and meticulously documented and photographed their anuses and genitals, the first such study to do so. What they learned shocked McCann and everyone else in the field. Many of the anatomic findings which some specialists were claiming to be signs of abuse were commonly found in the nonabused children. The study showed that the large variation of anatomical features of childrens' genitals were, in fact, just that — variations of normal. This meant that parents and caretakers were being reported and convicted based on erroneous unscientific criteria. This presentation, titled "Anatomical Standardization of Normal Prepubertal Children," is a watershed moment in the field.
1989 - The first paper based on McCann's study ("Perianal findings in prepubertal children selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study") is published in the journal Child Abuse & Neglect. Among its conclusions, it shows that Dr. Woodling's wink response test has no scientific basis.
The impact of McCann's study influences leaders in the field to call for an overhaul in the way sexual abuse evaluation criteria are approached:
Medical Examination for Sexual Abuse: Have We Been Misled?
The more we learn, the less we know "with reasonable medical certainty"?
1990s - This decade sees an explosion of research and progress. The second paper based on McCanns' landmark study ("Genital findings in prepubertal girls selected for nonabuse: a descriptive study") is published in the journal Pediatrics in 1990. The dropping of charges in the McMartin preschool trial, also in 1990, marks the beginning of the winding down of the nation's abuse hysteria. McCann's research is presented as evidence by the defense in some abuse trials, such as the McMartin and Little Rascals daycare cases.
1992 - A classification system for evaluating children for suspected sexual abuse is proposed by Dr. Joyce Adams, Katherine Harper and Sandra Knudson. This later becomes known as the Adams classification system (keep this system in mind as we will be referring back to it) and will be periodically revised with updated criteria throughout the following decades. It will be adopted and used in the field of child abuse pediatrics and gynecology worldwide. John McCann's research help form a basis for this system.
mid to late 90s - More research based on cross-sectional, case-control, and longitudinal studies of abused and nonabused children are published which improves understanding and accuracy of evaluation criteria: Berenson, Heger, Adams, Emans, Kellogg, Kerns, McCann, Muram, Finkel, etc. Due to the errors of the previous decade, specialists in the field are highly conscientious and prudent about differentiating nonabuse from abuse criteria.

The evidence of prior sexual abuse in the JonBenet Ramsey case: What we know

When Boulder County Coroner Dr. John Meyer performed JonBenet's autopsy, he identified signs of acute vaginal trauma which he believed was consistent with digital penetration. What we didn't find out until the publication of James Kolar's book Foreign Faction in 2012 is that Dr. Meyer also saw indications of prior sexual contact. Concerned about this possibility, he sought a specialist opinion and brought Dr. Andrew Sirotnak to the morgue to examine JonBenet's genital injuries. Dr. Sirotnak was a child abuse pediatrician who headed the Child Protection Team at Children's Hospital Colorado. He confirmed Meyer's opinion that there were signs of prior sexual contact.
Here are the relevant passages from Kolar's book:
  • Dr. Meyer also observed signs of chronic inflammation around the vaginal orifice and believed that these injuries had been inflicted in the days or weeks before the acute injury that was responsible for causing the bleeding at the time of her death. This irritation appeared consistent with prior sexual contact.
    [Foreign Faction: Who Really Kidnapped JonBenet?, A. James Kolar, p. 58]
  • Following the meeting, Dr. Meyer returned to the morgue with Dr. Andy Sirontak, Chief of Denver Children's Hospital Child Protection Team, so that a second opinion could be rendered on the injuries observed to the vaginal area of JonBenet. He would observe the same injuries that Dr. Meyer had noted during the autopsy protocol and concurred that a foreign object had been inserted into the opening of JonBenet's vaginal orifice and was responsible for the acute injury witnessed at the 7:00 o'clock position. Further inspection revealed that the hymen was shriveled and retracted, a sign that JonBenet had been subjected to some type of sexual contact prior to the date of her death. Dr. Sirontak could not provide an opinion as to how old those injuries were or how many times JonBenet may have been assaulted and would defer to the expert opinions of other medical examiners.
    [Kolar, p. 61]
  • Dr. Meyer was concerned about JonBenet's vaginal injuries, and he, along with Boulder investigators, sought the opinions of a variety of other physicians in the days following her autopsy. Dr. Sirontak, a pediatrician with Denver Children's Hospital, had recognized signs of prior sexual trauma but neither he nor Dr. Meyer were able to say with any degree of certainty what period of time may have been involved in the abuse.
    [Kolar, p. 63]
Boulder Police would later ask several child sexual abuse experts to review the autopsy findings* in order to help them determine if there was evidence of prior sexual abuse. In addition to Andrew Sirotnak, these are the experts whom we know were consulted:
Richard Krugman
James Monteleone
Valerie Rao
John McCann
That's right — that John McCann. The same John McCann who was responsible for putting child sexual abuse evaluations onto scientific footing and who happened to establish the standards for what is considered normal and abnormal in pediatric genital exams was consulted on the JonBenet Ramsey case.
In Steve Thomas's 2001 deposition for the Wolf v Ramsey civil trial, Thomas says that McCann came recommended by the FBI. There's a reason for that, which is that McCann was regarded as one of the the foremost authorities on interpreting pediatric anogenital findings in cases of suspected abuse. Thomas also refers to McCann, Monteleone, and Rao as the "blue ribbon pediatric panel." Based on various sources, we know that there was at least one meeting in Boulder in September 1997 involving McCann, Rao, Monteleone, and Krugman.
Here is the relevant passage from Thomas's book:
In mid-September, a panel of pediatric experts from around the country reached one of the major conclusions of the investigation - that JonBenet had suffered vaginal trauma prior to the day she was killed.
There were no dissenting opinions among them on the issue, and they firmly rejected any possibility that the trauma to the hymen and chronic vaginal inflammation were caused by urination issues or masturbation. We gathered affidavits stating in clear language that there were injuries "consistent with prior trauma and sexual abuse"...."There was chronic abuse"..."Past violation of the vagina"...."Evidence of both acute injury and chronic sexual abuse." In other words, the doctors were saying it had happened before.
...
The results, however, were not what is known in the legal world as "conclusive" - which means that there can be no other interpretation - and I would fully expect defense lawyers to argue something different. Nevertheless, our highly qualified doctors had brought in a remarkable finding.
[JonBenet: Inside the Ramsey Murder Investigation, Steve Thomas & Don Davis, p. 253]
The experts expected to testify in court had the case gone to trial. As we know, there was no criminal trial, but we know the experts were called to testify before the grand jury.
*During JonBenet's autopsy, an instrument called a colposcope was used to examine and document her genital injuries. This is standard procedure in forensic pathology in cases of suspected child abuse or sexual assault. Colposcopy illuminates and magnifies the vaginal cavity and is used to identify abnormal changes to tissue and the internal genital structures. The experts would have relied on these colposcopic photos as well as histologic samples of JonBenet's vaginal mucosa in addition to the autopsy report, coroner's notes, and lab results.

The physical findings explained

These are the genital findings we know were discovered at JonBenet's autopsy:
Ref. no. Finding Source
1 Chronic inflammation around vaginal orifice FF
2 Small amount of dried blood on perineum AR
3 Small amount of dried and semifluid blood on skin of fourchette and in vestibule AR
4 Hyperemia of vestibule and vaginal wall AR
5 Abrasion on hymenal orifice at 7 o'clock position, involving the hymen and vaginal wall AR
6 Epithelial erosion with underlying capillary congestion of tissue from 7'oclock AR
7 Hymenal orifice measuring 1cm x 1cm AR
8 A lack of hymenal tissue between the 10 and 2 o'clock positions AR
9 Vascular congestion and focal interstitial chronic inflammation of vaginal mucosa AR
10 Bruise on hymen BP
11 Three dimensional thickening from inside to outside of inferior hymenal rim BP
12 Narrowing of inferior hymenal rim to base of hymen BP
13 Exposure of vaginal rugae BP
AR = Autopsy Report
BP = Bonita Papers
FF = Foreign Faction
What do these physical findings mean?
Here is a quick break down:
  • 5, 6, and 10, with corresponding bleeding 2 and 3, are signs of acute trauma from the time of the murder.
  • 7 is something that gets brought up as evidence of prior abuse ("enlarged hymenal opening"). However, criteria based on hymenal opening measurements were removed from the Adams classification guidelines in 1996. McCann did not include it in his criteria for abuse, but said it supported the findings for abuse. Since the late 90s/early 2000s, specialists have tried to move away from using measurement-based criteria as it is difficult to do precisely. Research data has shown that measurements can vary with the examination position, technique, age of the child, state of relaxation of the child, and the skill of the examiner.
  • 8 describes a crescentic hymen, a common variation of hymen types. This is a normal finding. Generally, discrepancies of the anterior half of the hymen (above the 3 and 9 o'clock positions) are not considered concerning and missing segments, notches, clefts can be normal findings. It is the inferior half of the hymen (below the 3 and 9 o'clock positions) where experts look for indicators of abuse.
  • 11-13 are findings observed by John McCann that describe structural changes of the hymen from a prior penetration. 12 describes a transection (a healed laceration) of the inferior portion of the hymen.
  • 1, 4, 9 can be caused by a variety of other conditions and on their own are not classified as indicators for abuse. In the case where findings indicating abuse are also present, they need to be considered in context.
McCann's findings
The most important of these findings to understand is 12, which is one of McCann's observations outlined in the Bonita Papers.
There was a three dimensional thickening from inside to outside on the inferior hymeneal rim with a bruise apparent on the external surface of the hymen and a narrowing of the hymeneal rim from the edge of the hymen to where it attaches to the muscular portion of the vaginal openings. At the narrowing area, there appeared to be very little if any hymen present.
To understand what this means, take a look at the white line segment labeled "Hymenal width" in this colposcopic photo (warning: image of vagina/hymen). It demarcates the length of the hymenal membrane from the rim/edge to the base where it attaches to the vaginal wall.
A narrowing of the hymenal rim means the hymenal membrane is reduced in dimension from the rim/edge toward the base. When the rim is narrowed all the way to the base, that is called a complete cleft or a transection. A transection is a discontinuity of the inferior hymenal rim that extends to or through the base of the hymen. Basically, it is a telltale residual absence of tissue from a healed complete laceration.
If this is difficult to visualize, here is a figure which shows what transections look like:
Figure 3: Hymenal Membrane Characteristics
[source]
The Adams classification system
In the fields of child abuse pediatrics and pediatric gynecology, the set of guidelines most widely used in interpreting genital findings is the Adams classification system.
If we were to look at the most recently revised version (2018), we would see that it identifies certain "findings caused by trauma":
These findings are highly suggestive of abuse, even in the absence of a disclosure from the child, unless the child and/or caretaker provides a timely and plausible description of accidental anogenital straddle, crush or impalement injury, or past surgical interventions that are confirmed from review of medical records.
Among those findings that are "highly suggestive of abuse" includes point 37, listed in the subsection titled "Residual (healing) injuries to genital/anal tissues" under section E:
Healed hymenal transection/complete hymen cleft, a defect in the hymen below the 3-9 o'clock location that extends to or through the base of the hymen, with no hymenal tissue discernible at that location
This is precisely what Dr. McCann described having observed in JonBenet.
A transection in the inferior half of the hymen of a prepubertal child is a significant finding because it is considered a clear indication of a prior penetrating injury:
  • Multiple studies have noted the presence of hymenal transections only in prepubertal girls with a history of disclosed sexual abuse.
    [ Sara T. Stewart, MD. Hymenal Characteristics in Girls with and without a History of Sexual Abuse, p. 533]
  • Hymenal transections are very rarely seen in prepubertal girls who have not been sexually abused. However, a demonstrated transection, based on multiple studies, is commonly viewed as “a clear but uncommon indicator of past trauma.”
    [Mishori, R., Ferdowsian, H., Naimer, K. et al. The little tissue that couldn’t – dispelling myths about the Hymen’s role in determining sexual history and assault.]
  • Thus a deep notch, transection, or perforation on the inferior portion of the hymen may be considered as a definitive sign of sexual abuse or other trauma.
    [Berenson, et al. A case-control study of anatomic changes resulting from sexual abuse, p. 829]
  • A transection of the posterior hymen between 4 and 8 o’clock in prepubertal girls suggests genital penetrating trauma; however, the presence of this finding is not confirmatory of sexual abuse. Posterior hymenal findings including transections between 4 and 8 o’clock, deep notches, and perforations were not seen in studies of prepubertal girls without a history of genital trauma from sexual abuse included in this systematic review. Therefore, one can conclude that the posterior hymenal findings of transections, deep notches, and perforations are extremely infrequent findings among children without a history of genital trauma from sexual abuse or other means. [...]
    However, because the prevalence of posterior hymenal findings (between 4 and 8 o’clock) such as transections, deep notches, and perforations are near zero in nonabused prepubertal girls, the presence of these examination findings suggests genital trauma from sexual abuse. In the absence of known genital trauma from accidental means, the possibility for sexual abuse must be strongly considered. In a prepubertal girl with a posterior hymenal finding of a transection (between 4 and 8 o’clock), a deep notch (between 4 and 8 o’clock), or a perforation, a report to child protective services should be strongly considered. At a minimum, an examination by a child abuse specialist should occur to confirm these findings and to help provide a careful interpretation regarding the likelihood of sexual abuse.
    [Molly Curtin Berkoff, MD, MPH; Adam J. Zolotor, MD, MPH; Kathi L. Makoroff, MD; et al. Has This Prepubertal Girl Been Sexually Abused?, p. 2790]
If any doctor or medical provider today observed a transection on the inferior half of the hymen of a prepubertal female patient, he/she would be required to make a report for suspected sexual abuse and an explanation would be required for how that healed injury got there. In forty years of research, this finding has not been seen in any other instance besides from penetrating trauma. In prepubertal girls, it is indicative of sexual abuse unless it can be shown otherwise.

What the evidence says

The evidence says JonBenet had been subjected to at least one penetration of the vagina through the hymenal membrane prior to her murder. The penetration caused a complete laceration of the inferior hymenal membrane. After the laceration healed, a transection and other structural changes of the hymen remained.
The age of the prior injury could not be determined, but based on his research on the healing of hymenal lacerations of prepubertal girls, it was McCann's opinion that it was more than ten days old. His research has shown that "most signs of an acute [hymenal laceration] injury were gone within 7 to 10 days." Some of the experts thought the prior injury could have been weeks or months old.
While the evidence could conclusively prove only one prior penetration, the experts believed there had been more than one instance of penetration/sexual contact and that JonBenet's genital findings indicated abuse that had been repeated or ongoing. They were unable to determine how many incidents over what period of time.
Four of the five experts (Sirotnak, Monteleone, Rao, McCann) were confident in their opinion that JonBenet's genital findings were diagnostic of sexual abuse. One (Krugman) could not disagree with that assessment, but lacking certain forensic evidence (i.e., the victim's testimony, the confirmed presence of sperm, or an STI), was unwilling to assume a sexual motive for the abuse. He felt there was evidence only of physical abuse of the genitals.

What else could explain the prior penetration/ hymenal trauma besides sexual abuse?

There are three known causes of transections in the inferior hymenal rim in prepubertal girls — penetrative sexual abuse, accidental penetrating trauma, and surgical intervention.
Most accidental genital injuries sustained by children are straddle-type injuries that involve a fall onto the horizontal bar of a bicycle, jungle gym, or picket fence. This type of accident involves compression of the soft tissues against the bony margins of the pelvic outlet. Trauma is usually limited to the external structures of the genital area (e.g., labia, clitoral hood, fourchette, perineum).
Accidental penetrating or impalement injuries that involve trauma to the hymen are relatively rare:
Of 161 accidental genital injuries reported in the literature, 3.7% involved the hymen.
[Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management, 4th ed. Antoinette Laskey and Andrew Sirotnak (eds.), p. 359]
However, they do occur and the resulting injuries can mimic those of sexual abuse. In such cases, it is important that the cause of the injury be confirmed.
Whether an acute or healed genital or anal injury is identified, it is incumbent on the medical professional to obtain a complete history of the nature of the injury. [...]
Key differences in the history of accidental trauma, such as a straddle injury, are that accidental injuries are more commonly observed by a third party, medical attention is sought immediately after the injury, a scene-of-injury visit confirms the plausibility of the injuries and the accompanying history, and the pattern of injury is consistent with the history.
[Child Abuse: Medical Diagnosis and Management, 4th ed. Antoinette Laskey and Andrew Sirotnak (eds.), p. 359]
If JonBenet's prior hymenal injury was the result of an accident or a past surgical procedure, it should be reflected in her medical records and easy to prove. An accidental penetrating injury that results in a complete laceration of the hymen is considered severe, one that would be painful and cause bleeding. It would be expected that most parents or caretakers would seek medical attention for their child's injury.
We know the Ramseys were not timid or frugal when it came to getting medical attention for JonBenet's injuries and ailments. We have records of her being seen by the doctor for various bumps, falls, and injuries, such as a bent fingernail from a fall, a bruised nose from faceplanting at a grocery store, a bump on the brow from a tripping fall, and a small cut to the cheek from a golf club swing. If JonBenet had sustained an accidental genital injury that resulted in a severe laceration, I find it very hard to believe she would not have been taken to the doctor for such an injury when she was taken for lesser injuries and ailments.
Clearly, there was nothing in her medical records that could account for such an injury or the Ramseys would have provided it to police.
 
(Continue to Part 2: The experts, responses to dissenting opinions and common myths, etc.)
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2020.09.26 08:01 ZebraAntlerz WWE Sasha and Bayley Gassy Sisters Part 1

Sasha and Bayley Gassy Sisters Part 1
Imagine you are a small Freshman and Sasha Banks and Bayley are Seniors
Bayley’s parents and your parents have been best friends before you were born
Sasha Banks is Bayleys best-friend
Bayley and Sasha are All-Americans on the Softball and Volleyball team and are celebrities at the school
You sometimes get cool points from people for having involvement with then
You all known each other for a long time
Your parents leave town and they want you to stay with Bayley and her family for a week (who’s parents are never home) and Bayley is taking a nap so she texts Sasha to come get pick you up
You were to busy playing video games instead of packing and you get a text from Sasha
“Are you ready I’m outside right now”
And you completely forgot about time and are not finished packing
You text her “oh crap I’m not done packing”
Sasha texts back “dude you do this Everytime, I got to take a dump and you are fucking around bro”
Sasha then comes in your house (she has the key because your parents trust her) and goes in your room
She walks in and slaps the shit out of you
“Ow Sasha what the hell” you say
Sasha says “I didn’t even hit you that hard stop being a bitch”
She picks you up and slams you on the ground and stands over you
She then sits on you and pins your arms down school girl pin style and looks directly in your fearful eyes
You scared and nervous knowing Sasha enjoys bullying you and torturing you just because she can you then start shaking and bucking trying to get her off of you but she is not budging Sasha is way stronger than you
Sasha “you’re not getting me off of you until I let you up”
“You look scared littllun, are you going to do something about it?” Sasha says confidently
You say “no! What the hell you know you’d beat my ass I’m not going to try”
Sasha says “that’s right obey your boss”
Sasha leans over and raises her fist at you, you in fear feedle up and lay on your side covering your face and head with your arms, Sasha then sits on your face and starts to scoot back and forth
“Ahhhh this feels good, I found you some worth I might use you as my personal butt scratcher” Says Sasha
“You could be my Toilet paper since you won’t ever do anything back” Says Sasha
“Hold on i think I’m gonna fart”
Sasha pushes you to the ground with more force as she leans and tries to push out a fart with her mouth in an open smile
Sasha lets out an airy 1 second puffer with a quick sharp smell of pre bathroom and broccoli
“Oh ok that’s not a fart, ahaha you are lucky I don’t drop a log on your ass”
She grabs your hand and helps you up
“Come on dude I’ll help you finish packing let’s get to Bayleys before your parents kill me”
As she pats and rubs your head
She grabs the top of your head and smells it
“Wow your head smells like my ass right now that’s impressive”
You sigh in embarrassment
You both finish packing and enter the car and Sasha is driving
Driving and chatting about different topics then hit a red light
Sasha looks uneasy and puts her hand on her belly
You ask “Sash you alright ?”
She goes “yeah hold on” with a semi twisted face
She then leans her butt towards you and pushes out an airy bass filled trombone fart 3 seconds
BrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrrBrbr
Sasha says “Awwwww man that needed to come out”
You immediately react to the smell as the smell of rotten eggs left in the sun and spoiled milk pierce your nose “ewww Sasha that smells like cow manure GEEZ”
Sasha starts laughing and fanning her face “whewww that’s what you get for making me wait you can smell my insides some more”
Sasha then says “damn I fucking stink”
Sasha then rolls the windows up “yeah take that in just smell my funky ass”
You say “Sasha roll the windows down that’s not funny”
Sasha says “ahahahahha or what, you will smell my farts all night if I wanted you to and your parents and nobody can save you, so you better be a good boy to me or else”
You knowing how physically superior Sasha is to you and how both parents are gone and she could pound you and fart on you and do as she pleases with you quiets down and looks out the window
Sasha says, “that’s what I thought”
You guys arrive at Bayleys and Bayley comes out side with a black compression Nike tank top, with her firm round bottom almost shelfing in her tight jean shorts and her breasts and cleavage completely defined full and outlined
“Heeyyyyy I missed YOUUU”, gives you a hug and your face sinks in to her warm breasts she kisses you on the top of your forehead
As you bring your hand down from the hug it glides across Bayley’s butt you are surprised how large and round it is that even trying to move your hand out it still hit her butt
“How have you been ?” Bayley says
You say “ I’ve been good Bayley I missed you to”
Bayley says “thank you so much again Sasha I was so tired after practice”
Sasha says “anytime best frieeend”
Part 2 coming sooon ?
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2020.09.26 07:57 living--like--Larry Have y'all ever had great sex from the past that you still think about?

I haven't had sex in a while, but I can't stop thinking about this one girl that I hooked up with.
This happened over a year ago. We met on Bumble, and we talked about a lot of things. We were interested in the same books, ideas, and studied liberal arts. I'm good at establishing inside jokes with people I meet, so we already had an inside joke that made us laugh all night long.
We had a light meal after our coffee date, and we saw each other the next day.
The next day, we went for a walk around the park, and as it got dark, we decided to go to her place to watch a movie. I wasn't expecting sex; I just wanted to see something on Netflix because I didn't have a TV or a computer at my apartment. After an hour, though, we were making out and decided to go from her living room to her bedroom.
We went for HOURS. Round after round. We just couldn't stop. No crazy kinks. No crazy fantasies. No jumping from a ladder and elbowing her stomach like it's Wrestlemania. We were both vanilla, and it was honestly perfect.
I didn't even feel like I was moaning while we were having sex. It felt like I was bellowing, but it wasn't because I was in pain or anger. Each roar felt like cheers coming from my ancestors' from thousands of years ago as they yelled, "Yes! Pass thy genes and reproduce. Goeth forth and stroketh!" And indeed I did. I grabbed her beautiful brown hair as I did the act, and each spank sounded as loud as the dynamite used to blow holes in the majestic 19th century Western American mountains.
I felt some kind primal ecstacy from having sex with this girl. I didn't care about anything. I even scooped some of my semen from her chest and tasted it without hesitation--without flinching or giving it a second thought. Turns out I taste pretty good!
Anywho, does anyone else think about good sex from a while back?
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2020.09.26 07:50 dshiznt21 Canadian on America's got talent

How did that Canadian girl get on America's got talent? Don't get me wrong I'm not trying to put her down or anything she's an amazing singer. But just Googling the audition requirements for America's got talent you have to be an American citizen or American resident to audition . And they kept saying how she was from Brampton Ontario Canada. Which makes me think she's not an American resident. so how did a Canadian get on America's got talent.
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2020.09.26 06:53 trippzac Australia? Well the Vs are Americans but the cross and the 2 of the back are from Australia I’m just wondering where my buddies girl got them and if she got them of the web where and he is a dumbass and won’t figure it out for me anyone ever seen em they are legit

Australia? Well the Vs are Americans but the cross and the 2 of the back are from Australia I’m just wondering where my buddies girl got them and if she got them of the web where and he is a dumbass and won’t figure it out for me anyone ever seen em they are legit submitted by trippzac to pillhead [link] [comments]


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